Adoption is the ultimate means for protecting the interests of underage children when it cannot be expected that biological parents will ever be able to take care of the child. With adoption, permanent substitutional care and emotional stability can be ensured to the child. The same kind of legal relationship is established between the adoptive parent and the adopted child as between the biological parent and the child.
In the civil register, the adoptive parents are entered as the adopted child's parents, but the data on the child's biological parents is also preserved. In order to protect personal rights, the right to check the civil register and the pertaining database is limited. Without written consent from the biological parent, the child has no right to access their personal information and the same rule applies to accessing the child's personal information. Information privacy is a personal right elevated to the level of fundamental human rights. Personal rights include the right to knowing one's family background, which is of decisive importance for the development of the individual's personality and formation of identity. The procedures including children are run on the basic premise of ensuring the biggest benefit for the child.
The contradicting personal rights are balanced by limiting certain rights. The envisaged consent for disclosure of information with possibility of providing data without disclosing the identity of biological parents establishes a balance between the contradicting interests.