This diploma thesis discusses the spatial planning legislation between 1984 and 2010; it defines the spatial planning acts, their division and hierarchy. In more detail, are presented ordinances amending the spatial components of the long-term plan and municipal spatial plan for municipalities Litija and Zagorje ob Savi. The main objective of the thesis was to investigate and compare the basic and detailed land use leading to settlements in both municipalities. The diploma thesis also describes the methodological approach for the comparison of the land use of the municipalities. It shows the comparison and transformation of land use categories, which are also displayed graphically, from the Rules on the drawing-up of the spatial components of the medium and long-term social plans of municipalities in a digital form (2003) in categories from the Rules on the content, format and drawing-up of a municipal spatial plan and on criteria for specifying dispersed settlement areas in need of restoration and for specifying areas for new settlements (2007). Furthermore, it shows the economic, agricultural and demographic characteristics of the discussed municipalities, which have an indirect effect on land use and results of the analysis. At the end of the thesis is displayed the surfaces analysis of the basic and detailed land use, according to the number of residents in both municipalities and their leading settlements. A comparison of volume basic land use of residents in settlements and both municipalities is shown. It is determined which land use categories were changed, for how much and at the expense of which categories.