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Evaluation of welfare in commercial turkey flocks of both sexes using the transect walk method
ID Mlakar Hrženjak, Nina (Avtor), ID Hristov, Hristo (Avtor), ID Dovč, Alenka (Avtor), ID Bergoč Martinjak, Jana (Avtor), ID Zupan Šemrov, Manja (Avtor), ID Žlabravec, Zoran (Avtor), ID Račnik, Joško (Avtor), ID Krapež, Uroš (Avtor), ID Slavec, Brigita (Avtor), ID Zorman-Rojs, Olga (Avtor)

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Izvleček
The study was conducted between March and September 2019 in six meat-type turkey flocks with similar management standard procedures using the transect walk method. The concept of the method is based on visual observation of the birds while slowly walking across the entire farm in predetermined transects. Each flock was evaluated at three different times during the fattening cycle: at 3 to 4, 12 to 13, and 19 to 20 weeks of age, and total number of males and females that were immobile or lame, had visible head, vent, or back wounds, were small, featherless, dirty, or sick, had pendulous crop, or showed aggression toward birds or humans were recorded. At each visit, NH$_3$ and CO$_2$ were measured within the facilities. In the first assessment, the most frequently observed welfare indicators were small size (0.87%) and immobility (0.08%). Males showed a significantly higher prevalence of small size (p < 0.01), sickness (p < 0.05), and dirtiness (p < 0.1) compared to females. In the second assessment, the most common findings in both sexes were dirtiness (1.65%) and poor feather condition (1.06%), followed by immobility (0.28%). Males were significantly dirtier (p < 0.001), had more immobile birds (p < 0.01) and birds with vent wounds (p < 0.1), but had fewer sick birds (p < 0.05). In the last assessment, an increase in immobile, lame, sick, and dead birds was recorded, indicating an increase in health problems. Higher CO$_2$ (3000 and 4433 ppm) and NH$_3$ (40 and 27.6 ppm) values were noted only at the first assessment in two facilities. Further analyses showed that slightly elevated NH$_3$ and CO$_2$ levels did not influence the occurrence of welfare indicators. This study is the first description of the welfare of commercial turkey flocks in Slovenia.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:welfare, mixed commercial turkey flocks, on-farm assessment, animal welfare, turkeys
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:VF - Veterinarska fakulteta
BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Status objave pri reviji:Objavljeno
Verzija članka:Založnikova različica članka
Leto izida:2021
Št. strani:12 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 11, iss. 11, art. 3253
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-133253 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:636.09
ISSN pri članku:2076-2615
DOI:10.3390/ani11113253 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:84990211 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:18.11.2021
Število ogledov:268
Število prenosov:124
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Animals
Skrajšan naslov:Animals
Založnik:MDPI AG
ISSN:2076-2615
COBISS.SI-ID:519120409 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:13.11.2021

Projekti

Financer:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Program financ.:Slovenia, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Food

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:V4-1817
Naslov:Tehnološke rešitve za izboljšanje dobrega počutja rejnih živali v perutninarstvu in prašičereji

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P4-0092
Naslov:Zdravje živali, okolje in varna hrana

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