The master's thesis deals with a contemporary Slovenian short story using the method of analysis of literary sources. An analysis of the production of collections of short stories between 2010 and 2020 using the method of extraction and classification is presented, collections of short stories of contemporary Slovenian writers are presented, namely Mojca Kumerdej, Temna snov (2011); Mirana Likar Bajželj, Glasovi (2015); Jedrt Lapuh Maležič, Bojne barve (2016), Suzana Tratnik, Noben glas (2016) and Ana Schnabl, Razvezani (2017). The latter is literary analyzed, placed in a literary context and used to deal with a modern short story in problem-based creative lessons in high school. The reasons for the selection are given with an emphasis on youthful reading interests, which speak in favor of the consideration of this type of literature and its placement in the school canon. The places of correlation between the problembased approach and literary competence, which is the fundamental goal of literature lessons, are also highlighted.