The term technological literacy is increasingly appearing in articles and books, but it is still poorly known. A technologically literate individual is not one who knows all the terms that can be used in the technique, but also knows the concepts of natural science, mathematics, physics, social science and other. A technologically literate person must have, above all, practical capabilities, developed perception and the ability to think critically about technology.
As technological literacy in the preschool period and among educators in general is poorly defined, the purpose of the diploma thesis is to determine: the opinion and views of educators on technological literacy, what impact the use of puppets and tabletop theatre have on the development of technological literacy of children, aged 3–4 years. We will assess their progress with 3 activities that children will perform before and after using puppets and tabletop theatre. The opinions and views of educators will be determined by using a questionnaire.
The theoretical part defines technological literacy and its development in the preschool period, the connection with curricular areas and the use and importance of puppets in kindergarten.
In the empirical part, we determined the opinion and views of 35 educators based on the analysis of questionnaires. The answers are described and shown with graphs. We have determined that the term technological literacy is insufficiently known among educators. They primarily associated technological literacy with the use of modern technology. We have determined that educators give importance to various creative activities with materials. We have noticed that educators give importance to children's independence and self-initiative, while using too little variety of materials. A group of 19 children aged 3–4 years participated in the research. By performing three activities, we tried to determine what impact puppets and tabletop theatre have on the development of technological literacy. Three activities were performed before and after the use of the puppets. We have determined that the use of puppets and tabletop theatre have a positive effect on the development of technological literacy and knowledge of materials, group communication, puppet animation, the development of independence and self-confidence in performing. We have determined that the term technological literacy is poorly known among educators and that more technical activities could be carried out in kindergartens.
The diploma thesis is intended for everyone, but especially for educators and students of preschool education. With our work we want to explore the development of technological literacy in children, aged 3–4 years. We want to influence the work of educators in order to include as many technical activities as possible in their work.