The main purpose of the master’s thesis is the 3D-reconstruction of Jože Plečnik’s monument to the Czech military leader Jan Žižka, based on multiple references, including his sketches, architectural plans and a photograph of the wooden model of the monument. These references provided insight into Plečnik’s style which was used in the 3D-printed reconstruction. Usability analysis of the reconstruction was carried out, with regard to gallery purposes.
Theoretical part of the work includes a brief presentation of Jože Plečnik and the circumstances of his application for designing the monument of Jan Žižka. Following is the definition of cultural heritage and a presentation of possibilities and limits of 3D-printing technologies in regards to cultural heritage. At the end is the theoretical background of audience experience analysis, based on sematic differential.
Experimental part includes all phases, which were necessary for correct model interpretation and ultimately, reconstruction. The information obtained solely from Plečnik’s references was insufficient for model reconstruction. That is why a thorough analysis of other sources was carried out to obtain additional information about Plečnik’s style and the appearance of Hussite soldiers, especially Jan Žižka. Most attention was focused on Plečnik’s way of depicting figures and details, clothing, horses, Hussite soldier props and facial and body features of Jan Žižka. Interpretation and 3D modelling of the monument followed. Figure bodies were designed in MakeHuman and then exported to Blender for modelling clothing and props. The architectural model was designed solely in Blender. The figures were then properly prepared for 3D-printing with stereolithography (SLA) technology. The architectural model was too large for printing, so it was separated into smaller parts and prepared for printing, using fuse deposition modeling (FDM). All elements were properly treated after printing and the entire 3D-reconstruction was prepared for exhibition. Evaluation of audience experience and impressions of the reconstruction was carried out, using studies from existing research.