This master's thesis examines the situation in the field of digital technologies in Slovenian primary schools and the digital literacy of children in primary schools. The findings of the thesis show that it is more sensible to use the term digital competence than to refer to different types of digital literacies (i.e. computer literacy, media literacy or information literacy). Digital competence combines all the literacies one must master to be sufficiently competent in the digital era. From a technological point of view, it has been established that schools are well equipped with ICT technology; however, that does not guarantee the raising of digital competence among pupils. The thesis has also found that the present times call for urgent changes in primary school programmes and in study programmes, since the latter present the basis for educating teachers. Consequently, the master's thesis gives suggestions for improvement of the current situation.