Primož Kozak is a representative of the first post-war generation of Slovene critical intellectuals. He did not directly participate in the war nor the communist revolution since he was to young, but that ment he could distance himself from revolutionary ideology and thoroughly analyse and criticise it in his plays. The main topic of his plays was revolution and different world views about it, therefore the characters of his plays are intellectuals who are the field of confrontation of those views. To recognize Kozak's characters as intellectuals, the thesis first analyses the meaning of an intellectual. The result of the analysis is that an intellectual is a role that every single social and political environment creates because of its own deficit. This role is taken on by those who notice the void and are able to articulate it for everyone. With the criticism of the regime they publicly engage themselves for universal humanity. We can extract two main types of intellectuals from Kozak's plays: those who represent the totalitarian authorities and those who support the notion of universal autonomy of a ll individuals.Those characters who are intangible always choose against totalitarianism in the name of universal ethics. Kozak's plays also lay before us the fundamental problem of any eschatological subversion. Changing the world through revolution always takes its toll of senseless victims and although revolutionary ideas are about universal prosperity, they always exclude those who do not share the same views. The totalitarian intellectual, as well as his opposition, dissolves in the course of Kozak's plays because historical social development surpasses them both. In the end we are left with a question: What kind of role will society generate for intellectuals after the downfall of totalitarian regimes.