Introduction: Low back pain is one of the most commonly cured conditions of the musculoskeletal system in the developed world and is one of the main causes of disability. The number of patients suffering from chronic low back pain is on the rise and in 2-7% of cases acute pain becomes chronic. Chronic nonspecific pain is most commonly treated with physical activity. However, there are numerous other approaches to treating this condition, one of them being neural mobilization, with which we decrease the pain and increase the mobility with various gliding and tension techniques. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to determine the effects of neural mobilization on chronic nonspecific low back pain, based on the research of given literature. Methods: Databases such as Science direct, PubMed and CINAHL were used for literature research. In the analysis, researches conducted between the years 2006 and 2015 were studied. These researches are all in English and were found with the help of the following key words: low back pain, neural mobilization, neural stretching, disability, physiotherapy, straight leg raise test, slump test. Results: According to certain criteria, ten researches were included in the analysis. All of them looked into the effects of various techniques of neural mobilization on the pain, seven of which dealt with various stages of disability, while the other three focused on the mobility of lower limbs. Results confirm that neural mobilization greatly lowers the pain and disability, while increasing the flexibility. Discussion and conclusion: According to the results found in said researches, we can conclude that neural mobilizations is an effective method for decreasing low back pain, but its effects can be improved by combining it with lumbar spine mobilization and stabilisation exercises. The researches this thesis took into account each dealt with a specific technique of neural mobilization and its effects, therefore it is difficult to determine which technique is the most appropriate in general. It can be concluded that the effects of the neural mobilization will need to be further researched.