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Consequences of brown bear viewing tourism : #a #review
Penteriani, Vincenzo (Avtor), López-Bao, José Vicente (Avtor), Bettega, Chiara (Avtor), Dalerum, Fredrik (Avtor), Mar Delgado, María del (Avtor), Jerina, Klemen (Avtor), Kojola, Ilpo (Avtor), Krofel, Miha (Avtor), Ordiz, Andrés (Avtor)

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Izvleček
Many countries promote wildlife observation as part of ecotourism offerings. The brown bear Ursus arctos is among the most targeted species for ecotourism in North America and Europe, making it an ideal candidate to examine the consequences of wildlife viewing upon the species. As bear viewing often occurs in sensitive places where bears congregate for mating, rearing young and/or feeding, it is important to evaluate potential positive and negative effects of different viewing practices. Here we reviewed available information on bear viewing practices and their effects on bears, people and ecosystems. Behavioural, physiological and ecological aspects related to bears are reviewed from three different perspectives: ecotourism consequences for bears, direct bear-human interactions and social impacts of bear ecotourism. Because bear viewing can have positive and negative impacts on both bear populations and bear-human interactions, it is important to carefully evaluate every practice associated with bear viewing at a local scale. Because bear populations around the world have diverse population statuses and different management regimes, successful procedures and rules effective in one place do not guarantee that they will be adequate elsewhere. Effective management of bear viewing practices requires a better understanding of the consequences for bears, the mechanisms behind observed bear reactions to humans, and the results of bear habituation. Because inappropriate bear viewing practices can lead to processes such as foodconditioning and habituation, which can have serious consequences for both people and bears, regulations on bear ecotourism are urgently needed to minimize unintended consequences of bear viewing practices.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:grizzly bear, Ursus arctos, feeding site, management, viewing site, habituation, food-conditioning, ecotourism
Vrsta gradiva:Delo ni kategorizirano (r6)
Tipologija:1.02 - Pregledni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Št. strani:str. 169-180
Številčenje:#Vol. #206
UDK:630*15
ISSN pri članku:0006-3207
DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.12.035 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:4658086 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Licenca:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
To delo je dosegljivo pod licenco Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva-Nekomercialno-Brez predelav 4.0 Mednarodna
Število ogledov:218
Število prenosov:189
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Biological Conservation
Skrajšan naslov:Biol. Conserv.
Založnik:Applied Science Publishers
ISSN:0006-3207
COBISS.SI-ID:26719232 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:rjavi medved, Ursus arctos, velike zveri, ekoturizem, medved, turizem, krmljenje, grizli, habituacija

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