This master thesis deals with an international challenging topic, which concerns cadastral land re-arrangements in the cases of large-scale intervention in the space. In the thesis, the land consolidation and other land re-arrangement instruments are studied – in Slovenia as well as in the selected European countries. We give an overview of land re-arrangement instruments in Germany, Sweden, Czech Republic and the Netherlands, emphasizing those suitable for large-scale infrastructure projects. The sustainable development and holistic approach together with economical and public benefit have been shown as important aspect of land re-arrangements. In the theoretical part we analysed the corresponding literature and exposed crucial facts for land re-arrangement. Good practices have been recognized as an important approach for changing the existing or implementing new procedures. Accordingly, we highlighted some case studies of successfully introduced new procedures in Slovenian territory. In the empirical part, the area which was impacted by large-scale infrastructure, i. e. the highway, project has been studied. It has been shown, that the inappropriate approach of land re-arrangement during the allocation of the highway in the space caused inadequate land plot structure, which resulted in difficulties of land use; furthermore, it brought risks at land registration, management and real property transactions. Following Slovenian experiences and considering good practices from the studied countries, the land consolidation was identified as an important land re-arrangement instrument, which can be used by the large-scale infrastructure projects aiming to minimize the negative consequences of projects on land plot structure and land use of the targeted areas.