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Uporaba komplementarnih in alternativnih metod zdravljenja med bolniki z internističnimi boleznimi : poročilo o raziskavi
Voščun, Ines (Avtor), Bobnar, Albina (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
Uvod: Komplementarne (dopolnilne) in alternativne (nadomestne) metode zdravljenja so avtonomne zdravstvene prakse, ki jih uporabljajo ljudje po vsem svetu za ohranjanje in promocijo zdravja ter preprečevanje in zdravljenje bolezni. Vse vrste zdravljenj delujejo za zdravje in zadovoljstvo državljanov, malo pa je znano o tem, koliko jih uporabljajo bolniki z različnimi kroničnimi boleznimi. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je ugotoviti uporabo komplementarnih in alternativnih metod zdravljenja med bolniki z internističnimi boleznimi, in sicer: kolikšen delež jih uporablja, kakšne so njihove izkušnje ter če je o tem seznanjen njihov zdravnik. Metode dela: Narejena je bila kvantitativna retrospektivna raziskava, ki temelji na podatkih, pridobljenih iz dokumentacij zdravstvene nege namensko izbranih polnoletnih bolnikov z internističnimi boleznimi, ki so jih izpolnili študenti zdravstvene nege na kliničnem usposabljanju v študijskem letu 2013/14 in 2014/15. Rezultati so v opisni obliki ter numerični, predstavljeni v tabelah. Rezultati: V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 228 bolnikov z internističnimi boleznimi. Od tega je bilo 59 % žensk, starih nad 60 let 66 %, živečih v mestu 52 %, v osrednji Sloveniji 68 % in s srednjo šolo ali manj 83 %. Največ bolnikov je imelo bolezni srca in žilja (46 %), bolezni presnove (13 %), bolezni krvi in krvotvornih organov (13 %) ter bolezni dihal (11 %). Zdravnik je vprašal 43 % bolnikov, če uporabljajo komplementarne in alternativne metode zdravljenja. V zadnjih 12-ih mesecih jih je uporabljalo 22 % in od teh jih je 31 % obiskalo zdravilca. Polovica se jih je za to odločila sama, 58 % jih meni, da so učinkovite, 54 % da se ujemajo s konvencionalnim zdravljenjem, zdravnika pa jih je o tem seznanilo 44 %. Razprava in sklep: Menimo, da je uporaba teh metod med bolniki z internističnimi boleznimi majhna. Informacij in nasvetov o varni uporabi komplementarnih in alternativnih metod zdravljenja bolniki niso prejeli. Odgovornost za to bi morali prevzeti zdravstveni delavci, vendar bi za to potrebovali dodatna znanja. Z uporabo teh metod v zdravstveni negi bi se zagotovilo celostno zdravljenje ter s tem več zadovoljstva, ugodja in dobre komunikacije med bolniki in zdravstvenimi delavci.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:konvencionalna medicina, celostna oskrba, odgovornost bolnika, seznanjenost zdravstvenih delavcev
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Organizacija:ZF - Zdravstvena fakulteta
Leto izida:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5330795 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:85
Število prenosov:70
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Use of complementary and alternative treatment methods among patients with internal diseases : research report
Izvleček:
Introduction: Complementary (supplementary) and alternative (substitutive) treatment methods are autonomous healthcare practices that are being used by people throughout the world to preserve and promote health, and to prevent and treat diseases. All of these types of treatment work towards the health and satisfaction of citizens, but little is known about how much they are being used by patients with various chronic diseases. Purpose: The purpose of this bachelor’s thesis is to determine the use of complementary and alternative treatment methods among patients with internal diseases, namely: how many of them are using such methods, why they are using them and what their experiences were like, and whether their doctor has been informed of this. Work methods: A quantitative retrospective research study has been conducted, based on data obtained from the nursing documentation of intentionally selected adult patients with internal diseases, which was filled out by nursing students during clinical training in the 2013/14 and 2014/15 academic years. The results are presented in tables in descriptive form and numerically. Results: The research study encompassed 228 patients with internal diseases. 59% of them were women, 66% were over 60 years old, 52% were living in a town, 68% were living in central Slovenia, and 83% have finished secondary school or less. Most of the patients had cardiovascular diseases (46%), followed by metabolic diseases (13%), diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs (13%) and respiratory diseases (11%). The doctor asked 43% of the patients whether they were using complementary and alternative treatment methods. In the past 12 months, a quarter of them were using such methods, 31% of whom had seen a healer. Half of them decided to do so on their own and believe that the methods are effective, and that they go well with the conventional treatment; 44% of them have informed the doctor of this. Discussion and conclusion: We consider that the use of these methods, amond patients with internal diseases, is low. The patients have not received any information or advice on the safe use of complementary and alternative treatment methods. Healthcare professionals should take on the responsibility for informing them, but would need additional knowledge to do that. The use of such methods in nursing would ensure greater satisfaction, comfort and good communication between the patients and healthcare professionals.

Ključne besede:conventional medicine, holistic care, patient responsibility, familiarity of healthcare professionals

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