Legislation concerning the energy efficiency of new buildings is getting more and more strict, on the other hand, the price of the energy resources is in the long term gone continue to rise, so that is why it seems that an investment in the nearly zero-energy masonry building is a right investment. In addition to high living comfort, the costs for heating and maintenance of nearly zero-energy masonry buildings are low. In the graduation thesis I present the launch and the development of the construction of nearly zero-energy buildings, the building technology and the details that are important in the construction. In the continuation of the thesis I conduct an analysis of the costs of construction and operation of nearly zero-energy masonry buildings and classical masonry buildings and compare them. After the comparison I, using the obtained data, calculate the repayment period of the investment into the nearly zero-energy masonry building. In the thesis I also present the results of a questionnaire that the investors in the nearly zero-energy masonry buildings answered, as well as the recommendations for future investors in the nearly zero-energy masonry buildings.