The Criminal Code (KZ-1) provides specific provisions and clauses for the treatment of juvenile offenders. Since adolescents differ in many personal characteristics from adults, different treatment is necessary for their re-socialization.
The Criminal Code from 1994, which applies to juvenile offenders, provides specific sanctions for minors: correctional measures, juvenile prison, and a monetary fine. It also explicitly defines the purpose of educational measures and penalties for minors, the essence of which is to ensure their education, correction or re-education, and proper development.
Criminal sanctions provided for juvenile offenders, are imbued with an educational component and are designed to achieve the underlying purpose of punishing juvenile offenders. Education, re-education, and orderly development are also the guiding principles in choosing and implementing educational measures and penalties for minors.
Special treatment, adapted to the specific characteristics of minors and their level of personal development, enables more relevant and effective rehabilitation of minors and thereby reduces juvenile delinquency and crime.