Gestural painting art presents the central theme of the thesis. In the theoretical part of the thesis I focused on the importance of gestures in human self-articulation, which upgrades the artistic manifestation and the associated gestural painting in art. An explanation of liberating gesture through a review of certain art - historical periods and movements is presented in next chapter. The central part of the theoretical part consists of the analysis of the occurrence of the background and the operation of Abstract Expressionism and Art Informel, their characteristics and the different approaches of creating their main painters. In the thesis the greatest attention is dedicated to this painterly approaches because of the connection with my personal artistic expression. Analysis of gestural expression and the creative act is presented also with depth psychological interpretation by Freud's theory and Jung's theory of the unconscious.