As the Central and East European candidates for the next round of negotiation on joining the European Union were nominated, the debate on EU enlargement has reached a critical poin. Now the rhetoric of postulating European solidarity and emphasizing the openess of the Union for all European states is not enough anymore. Concrete steps must be taken both in the Union and the states applying for membership. The internal political, economic and societal reforms within the so called Visegrad states must be completed as well as the institutional framework of the European Union, including its patterns of decision-making. This article deals with question of reorganizing the administrative structure, e.g. to decentralize in order to anticipate the regional structure of the Union and the question of how the structure of the European agrarian policy should be reformed to make it fit for the competition with the new members?