In my diploma thesis I present the legislation on landscape organization since 1984 until today, methodology used and the analysis of comparison of purposive usage of landscape for the municipalities Cerknica and Loška Dolina. The diploma thesis is based on the comparison of landscape acts of municipality Cerknica: Landscape components of long-term and social plan of the municipality (PS DDPO Cerknica (2004)) and Landscape plan of the municipality (OPN Cerknica
(2012)); and on the comparison of the landscape acts of municipality Loška Dolina: Landscape components of long-term and social plan of the municipality (PS DDPO Loška Dolina (1996)) and Landscape plan of the municipality (OPN Loška Dolina (2012)). The main purpose of the thesis is to
analyse and compare the basic and detailed purposive usage of the landscape in these two municipalities. The basic purposive usage analysis was made for the complete area of these two municipalities while the detailed purposive usage analysis was made only for the settlements with a refined urban plan. The comparison of the detailed purposive usage was made for the settlements Cerknica, Rakek and Stari trg pri Ložu. The area of the detailed purposive usage of the landscape was converted to the number of residents in a settlement with a refined urban plan.