In the thesis, clustering-based image fusion of multi-sensor non-destructive (NDT) data is studied. Several hard and fuzzy clustering algorithms are analysed and implemented both at the pixel and feature level fusion. Image fusion of ground penetrating radar (GPR) and infrared
thermography (IRT) data is applied on concrete specimens with inbuilt artificial defects, as well as on masonry specimens where defects such as plaster delamination and structural cracking were generated through a shear test. We show that on concrete, the GK clustering algorithm exhibits the best performance since it is not limited to the detection of spherical clusters as are the FCM and PFCM algorithms. We also prove that clustering-based fusion outperforms supervised fusion, especially in situations with very limited knowledge about the material properties
and depths of the defects. Complementary use of GPR and IRT on multi-leaf masonry walls enabled the detection of the walls’ morphology, texture, as well as plaster delamination
and structural cracking. For improved detection of the latter two, we propose using data fusion at the pixel level for data segmentation. In addition to defect detection, the effect of moisture is analysed on masonry using GPR, ultrasonic and complex resistivity tomographies. Within the
thesis, clustering is also successfully applied in a case study where a multi-sensor NDT data set was automatically collected by a self-navigating mobile robot system. Besides, the classification of spectroscopic spatial data from concrete is taken under consideration. In both applications, clustering is used for unsupervised segmentation of data.