Monitoring displacements and deformations of anthropogenic spatial structures and objects represents
one of the most intricate areas in geodetic surveying. Besides the measurement technologies
that have been traditionally used for such tasks, terrestrial laser scanning represents another possibility
employing the surface-wise deformation inspection of the objects’ surfaces. The main aim of
the thesis is to try to provide answers whether terrestrial laser scanning can be used for monitoring
displacements and deformations in a long-term perspective and how this could be achieved for any
arbitrary surface. Furthermore, the hypothesis will be challenged with the statement that the deformation
inspection can be performed in the millimeter domain with this remote sensing measurement
technology. In order to solve the problem of a stable reference system and to assure the high quality
of possible position changes of point clouds, scanning is integrated with two complementary
surveying techniques, i.e., high quality static GNSS positioning and precise classical terrestrial surveying.
The methodology of such high precision monitoring approach is proposed in the thesis and
was tested in two case study outdoor experiments. Besides these two outdoor experiments, also indoor
tests were designed to evaluate the quality of the surveying equipment (laser scanning targets)
as well as the response of the scanner to the surface material.