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Recovery and resilience of European temperate forests after large and severe disturbances
ID Cerioni, Matteo (Avtor), ID Brabec, Marek (Avtor), ID Bače, Radek (Avtor), ID Baders, Endijs (Avtor), ID Bončina, Andrej (Avtor), ID Brůna, Josef (Avtor), ID Chećko, Ewa (Avtor), ID Cordonnier, Thomas (Avtor), ID de Koning, Johannes H.C. (Avtor), ID Diaci, Jurij (Avtor), ID Fidej, Gal (Avtor), ID Klopčič, Matija (Avtor), ID Nagel, Thomas Andrew (Avtor)

URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/gcb.17159 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
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Izvleček
Recent observations of tree regeneration failures following large and severe disturbances, particularly under warm and dry conditions, have raised concerns about the resilience of forest ecosystems and their recovery dynamics in the face of climate change. We investigated the recovery of temperate forests in Europe after large and severe disturbance events (i.e., resulting in more than 70% canopy loss in patches larger than 1 ha), with a range of one to five decades since the disturbance occurred. The study included 143 sites of different forest types and management practices that had experienced 28 disturbance events, including windthrow (132 sites), fire (six sites), and bark beetle outbreaks (five sites). We focused on assessing post-disturbance tree density, structure, and composition as key indicators of forest resilience. We compared post-disturbance height-weighted densities with site-specific pre-disturbance densities to qualitatively assess the potential for structural and compositional recovery, overall and for dominant tree species, respectively. Additionally, we analyzed the ecological drivers of post-windthrow tree density, such as forest management, topography, and post-disturbance aridity, using a series of generalized additive models. The descriptive results show that European temperate forests have been resilient to past large and severe disturbances and concurrent climate conditions, albeit with lower resilience to high-severity fire compared with other disturbance agents. Across sites and disturbance agents, the potential for structural recovery was greater than that of compositional recovery, with a large proportion of plots becoming dominated by early-successional species after disturbance. The models showed that increasing elevation and salvage logging negatively affect post-windthrow regeneration, particularly for late-successional species, while pioneer species are negatively affected by increasing summer aridity. These findings provide a key baseline for assessing future recovery and resilience following the recent occurrence of widespread disturbance in the region and in anticipation of future conditions characterized by increasing heat and drought stress.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:environmental filtering, forest reorganization, ground-based inventories, post-disturbance regeneration, recovery drivers, salvage logging
Vrsta gradiva:Revija
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Status publikacije:Objavljeno
Različica publikacije:Objavljena publikacija
Datum objave:01.01.2024
Leto izida:2024
Št. strani:Str. 1-18
Številčenje:Vol. 30, iss. 2 [e17159]
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-154343 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:630*23:630*42/43
ISSN pri članku:1365-2486
DOI:10.1111/gcb.17159 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:184142595 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:07.02.2024
Število ogledov:298
Število prenosov:20
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Global change biology
Skrajšan naslov:Glob. chang. biol.
Založnik:Blackwell Science.
ISSN:1365-2486
COBISS.SI-ID:517722393 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:okoljsko filtriranje, reorganizacija gozdov, gozdna inventura, obnova po motnjah, sanitarna sečnja

Projekti

Financer:ARIS - Javna agencija za znanstvenoraziskovalno in inovacijsko dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:J4-1765-2019
Naslov:Razvoj gozdnih ekosistemov in klimatske spremembe: učinki ujm večjega obsega in segrevanja ozračja

Financer:EC - European Commission
Program financ.:European Commission
Številka projekta:895338
Naslov:Exploring the evolution of wild microbes using a molecular genomic approach
Akronim:WildE

Financer:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Program financ.:Czech Academy of Sciences
Številka projekta:RVO 67985939
Naslov:Institute of Botany
Akronim:-

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