izpis_h1_title_alt

Sporadic hepatitis A virus PCR false-positive results observed during reflex testing of serum samples previously tested for Anti-HAV antibodies and caused by contamination with HAV RNA present in the reagents of the commercial Anti-HAV immunoassay
ID Lunar, Maja M. (Avtor), ID Markočič, Petra (Avtor), ID Fujs Komloš, Kristina (Avtor), ID Štamol, Tina (Avtor), ID Poljak, Mario (Avtor)

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Izvleček
Hepatitis A diagnosis relies on serology and occasionally on hepatitis A virus (HAV) RNA detection. For timely diagnosis and the avoidance of drawing additional blood, molecular testing is often performed as reflex testing by using blood specimens that were initially sent for anti-HAV serology. Reflex molecular testing is preferably performed from different sample aliquots, but, for limited sample quantities, it uses samples that have been preprocessed in an immunoassay analyzer. In 2012, we first observed sporadic HAV RNA-positive cases that were inconsistent with patients’ serological profiles and/ or medical histories, suggesting that occasional laboratory contamination was causing false-positive PCR results. Multiple external quality assurance (EQA) and laboratory surface contamination checks were performed, questionable specimens were tested with various HAV RNA tests, and follow-up serum/stool samples were collected. All contamination-check samples and samples from healthy individuals tested HAV RNA-negative, and the laboratory successfully passed all EQAs. The HAV RNA-positive results were reproducible with various HAV RNA assays. No patients seroconverted, and their follow-up samples were consistently HAV RNA-negative. Finally, a detailed review of testing protocols revealed a correlation between HAV RNA false positivity and preceding anti-HAV testing with the Cobas-e411 automated immunoassay analyzer. HAV RNA was detected in the Cobas-e411 anti-HAV reagents, with the HAV sequences matching those from the false-positive samples. Preceding anti-HAV testing using two other immunoassay analyzers did not result in subsequent HAV RNA false positivity during reflex testing. The Cobas-e411 pipetting procedure with a single pipette tip collecting samples and anti-HAV reagents contaminated the original sample with the HAV RNA that was present in the immunoassay’s reagents, thereby resulting in HAV RNA false positivity during the reflex testing.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:hepatitis A virus, luxS, intercellular signaling, HAV RNA, contamination, diagnostics, serology, reflex testing
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:MF - Medicinska fakulteta
Status publikacije:Objavljeno
Različica publikacije:Objavljena publikacija
Leto izida:2023
Št. strani:6 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 11, iss. 3
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-153975 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:579
ISSN pri članku:2165-0497
DOI:10.1128/spectrum.00122-23 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:151706883 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:17.01.2024
Število ogledov:117
Število prenosov:14
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Microbiology spectrum
Skrajšan naslov:Microbiol. spectr.
Založnik:ASM Press
ISSN:2165-0497
COBISS.SI-ID:4526968 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:patogeni mikroorganizmi, Campylobacter jejuni, luxS

Projekti

Financer:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Program financ.:University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Microbiology and Immunology

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P3-0083
Naslov:Odnosi parazitskega obstajanja

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