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Obravnava telesnih zaznav pri mladostnikih v relacijski družinski terapiji : doktorska disertacija
ID Avberšek, Marija (Avtor), ID Cvetek, Robert (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
Telesne zaznave so entiteta, ki vznikajo, spremljajo, zorijo in skozi obdobje mladostništva dobivajo svoj pomen kot same zase ali v povezavi z notranjim čustvenim svetom mladostnika in njegovo regulacijo. V zgodnjem obdobju adolescence mladostnik nima izoblikovanih mehanizmov, ki bi mu pomagali pri prepoznavanju in uravnavanju telesnih sprememb, težje opredeljuje telesne zaznave in jih težje povezuje s svojim čustvenim doživljanjem. V splošnem se predvideva, da se mlajši mladostniki od starejših razlikujejo glede na zmožnosti zaznavanja telesnih zaznav in zmožnostjo povezovanja tega vidika s čustvi. Dotično delo skuša prikazati, kaj so telesne zaznave, kako jih mladostniki prepoznavajo in kako se področje povezuje s čustvi. Avtorico je posebej zanimalo, kakšne strategije uporablja terapevt inovativnega modela relacijske družinske terapije pri delu s telesom in telesnimi zaznavami pri mladostnikih. V kvantitativnem delu raziskave je sodelovalo 792 mladostnikov med 15. in 25. letom starosti, razdeljenih v skupino mlajših (15–25 let; N = 591) in starejših mladostnikov (20–25 let; N = 201). Kvantitativna raziskava je bila dopolnjena še s kvalitativnim delom. V njem je sodelovalo 18 mladostnikov iz obeh skupin. Za preverjanje zmožnosti zaznavanja telesnih zaznav je bil uporabljen vprašalnik Multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness (MAIA), izraženost psihosomatskih pritožb je bila merjena z vprašalnikom Psychosomatic complaints scale (PCS), za preverjanje zmožnosti čustvenega procesiranja je bil uporabljen vprašalnik Emotional processing scale (EPS), Alexithymia questionnaire for children (AQC) pa je meril zmožnost prepoznavanja in ubesedenja občutkov. V kvalitativnem delu, kjer so bile raziskovane intervencije v povezavi s procesiranjem telesnih zaznav pri mladostnikih, je sodelovalo 10 udeležecev med 17. in 25. letom starosti. Rezultati kvantitativnega dela raziskave na izbranem vzorcu niso potrdili predvidevanja o obstoju razlike med skupinama v izbranih dimenzijah ocene notranjega zavedanja (MAIA). Pri obeh skupinah je bila stopnja izraženosti psihosomatskih pritožb (PCS) obratno povezana z izbranimi dimenzijami ocene notranjega zavedanja (MAIA). Skupini sta se razlikovali v stopnji izraženosti psihosomatskih pritožb (PCS): starejši mladostniki so jih izražali manj. Na izbranem vzorcu se je pokazala povezanost med skoraj vsemi izbranimi dimenzijami ocene notranjega zavedanja (MAIA) in dimenzijami čustvenega procesiranja (EPS). Potrdila se je obratna povezanost med čustveno stabilnostjo (EPS) in splošno izraženostjo telesne simptomatike (PCS). Enako se je pokazala povezanost med težavnostjo prepoznavanja občutkov (AQC), težavnostjo opisovanja občutkov (AQC) in stopnjo izraženosti telesne simptomatike (PCS). Rezultati kvalitativne raziskave, ki je dopolnjevala kvantitativni del za prvo raziskovalno vprašanje, se kažejo v zmožnostih mladostnikov za opredelitev vrst fizioloških zaznav v telesu, opredelitev lokacije telesnih zaznav v telesu, opredelitev možnih načinov opisovanja telesnih zaznav v telesu s pomočjo fizikalnih kategorij, opredelitev načinov telesnega odgovarjanja na telesne zaznave in reflektiranje telesnih zaznav v duševnosti. V kvalitativnem delu, ki se je nanašal na oblikovanje nabora terapevtskih strategij pri obravnavi telesnih senzacij, so opredeljene identifikacija terapevtskih strategij rokovanja s telesnimi zaznavami in telesom pri mladostnikih, identifikacija strategij rokovanja s telesnimi zaznavami pri terapevtu v navezavi na telesne zaznave pri mladostniku in identifikacija korakov v procesu predelovanja telesnih zaznav pri mladostnikih. Pri dobljenih rezultatih je treba upoštevati tudi omejitve raziskave: način pridobivanja udeležencev, način pridobivanja podatkov, neprilagojenost postavk vprašalnikov populaciji mladostnikov, dolgotrajnost zbiranja kvalitativnih podatkov.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:čuti, čustva, čustveno procesiranje, interocepcija, mladostništvo, občutki, telesne senzacije, telesne zaznave, telo
Vrsta gradiva:Doktorsko delo/naloga (mb31)
Tipologija:2.08 - Doktorska disertacija
Organizacija:TEOF - Teološka fakulteta
Leto izida:2022
Založnik:[M. Avberšek Platiša]
Št. strani:XI, 307, VI str.
Kraj:Ljubljana
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-142742 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:159.942-053.6(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:132275715 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:23.11.2022
Število ogledov:57
Število prenosov:10
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Processing of bodily sensations in adolescents within relational family therapy
Izvleček:
Throughout the course of adolescence, bodily perceptions become entities that arise, accompany and mature, acquiring their meaning on their own or in connection with the adolescent’s inner emotional world and its regulation. In the early period of adolescence, adolescents have no established mechanisms to help them recognize and regulate bodily changes, they find it hard to define bodily perceptions, and also to relate bodily states to their emotional experience. It is generally assumed that younger adolescents differ from older ones in terms of their ability of perceiving bodily perceptions (sensations) and in the ability to associate this aspect with emotions. The present dissertation attempts to define bodily perceptions, how adolescents recognize them, and how the field of feelings relates to emotions. The author was also particularly interested in strategies the therapists of an innovative model of relational family therapy use when working with the body and body perceptions in adolescents. The quantitative part of this research included 792 adolescents between 15 and 25 years of age. They were divided into a group of younger (15–25 years; N = 591) and older adolescents (20–25 years; N = 201). Quantitative research was supplemented by qualitative research in which 18 adolescents from both age groups participated. The Multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness (MAIA) was used to measure the ability of perceiving bodily sensations, the expression of psychosomatic complaints was measured with the Psychosomatic complaints scale (PCS), the Emotional processing scale (EPS) was used to measure the ability of emotional processing, Alexithymia questionnaire for children (AQC) measured the ability to identify and verbalize bodily feelings. Ten participants between 17 and 25 years participated in the qualitative part of the research which identified developed categories of theurapeutic interventions related to processing of bodily perceptions in adolescents. The results of the quantitative part of this research failed to confirm the hypothesis of the existence of statistically significant differences between the groups on the selected dimensions of the MAIA in the selected sample. In younger adolescents, there is an inverse statistically significant degree of association between some selected dimensions of the MAIA and the dimension of PCS. In older adolescents, the prediction of an inverse statistically significant degree of correlation between selected dimensions of the MAIA and the overall expression of psychosomatic complaints was confirmed. There is a statistically significant difference in the rate of overall dimension of PCS between the two groups, with the rate of expression of psychosomatic complaints being statistically significantly lower within the group of older adolescents. There is also a statistically significant degree of correlation between almost all selected dimensions of the MAIA and the EPS. There is an inverse statistically significant degree of association between emotional stability (EPS) and expression of physical symptoms (PCS) in the selected sample. The existence of a statically significant degree of association between the dimensions of difficulty recognizing feelings, difficulty describing feelings (AQC), and level of expression of physical symptoms (PCS) was confirmed. The results of the qualitative research supplementing the quantitative part of the first research question, define the types of possible physiological perceptions in the body, location of bodily perceptions in the body, definition of possible ways of describing bodily perceptions in the body with the help of physical categories, and definition of bodily responses to bodily perceptions. Categories of therapeutic interventions emerging from the use of ground theory research method are identification of: therapeutic strategies of handling bodily perceptions and the body in adolescents, strategies of handling bodily perceptions in the therapist in relation to bodily sensations in adolescents, and identification of the steps in the therapeutic process of processing bodily sensations in adolescents. The results of this research have to be interpreted in the context of its limitations, including: the participant recruitment method of obtaining, the method of data acquisition, and inadequacy of questionnaire items when applied to the adolescent population.

Ključne besede:adolescence, body, bodily perceptions, bodily sensations, emotion, emotional processing, feelings, interoception, senses

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