This study explores the connection between the image of the fox and the sexuality of women and men in the Qing Dynasty. Additionally, the influence of the Manchu people is also considered. It can be seen mainly in the laws of the Qing Dynasty and the strictly defined gender roles especially those assigned to women, although men are not completely excluded. By the nature of laws, women were subordinate to men. They did not have many rights and their sexuality suffered. In contrast to them, men had much more freedom, especially in choosing multiple partners, which they could take as wives or keep as prostitutes.
The role of the fox in the Qing Dynasty art implies that it was seen as a seductress who could shapeshift, possess people, or use a pearl to steal a person's life essence. Usually, vixens are portrayed as women who lure men into having sex with them and then drain their essence. Through this they can achieve immortality or the ability to change shape. It is indicated that the nature of the foxes is more evil than good. However, stories about good foxes who help people with various medicines and gifts also exist.