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A user study of directional tactile and auditory user interfaces for take-over requests in conditionally automated vehicles
ID Gruden, Timotej (Avtor), ID Tomažič, Sašo (Avtor), ID Sodnik, Jaka (Avtor), ID Jakus, Grega (Avtor)

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Izvleček
General introduction of unconditionally and conditionally automated vehicles is expected to have a highly positive impact on the society, from increased accessibility to mobility and road traffic safety, to decreased environmental and economic negative impacts. However, there are several obstacles and risks slowing down the adoption of this technology, which are primarily related to the human–machine interaction (HMI) and exchange of control between the vehicle and the human driver. In this article, we present key takeaways for HMI design of take-over requests (TOR) that the vehicle issues to inform the driver to take over control of the vehicle. The key takeaways were developed based on the results of a user study, where directional tactile-ambient (visual) and auditory-ambient (visual) TOR user interfaces (UI) were evaluated with regards to commonly used take-over quality aspects (attention redirection, take-over time, correct interpretation of stimuli, off-road drive, brake application, lateral acceleration, minimal time-to-collision and occurrence of collision). 36 participants took part in the mixed design study, which was conducted in a driving simulator. The results showed that drivers’ attention was statistically significantly faster redirected with the auditory-ambient UI, however using the tactile-ambient UI resulted in less off-road driving and slightly less collisions. The results also revealed that drivers correctly interpreted the directional TOR stimuli more often than the non-directional one. Based on the study results, a list of key takeaways was developed and is presented in the conclusion of the paper. The results from this study are especially relevant to the TOR UI designers and the automotive industry, which tend to provide the most usable UI for ensuring safer end efficient human-vehicle interaction during the TOR task.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:take-over, conditionally automated vehicle, user interface, key takeaways, driving simulators, user studies
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:FE - Fakulteta za elektrotehniko
Status publikacije:Objavljeno
Različica publikacije:Objavljena publikacija
Leto izida:2022
Št. strani:11 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 174, art. 106766
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-139607 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:007.52:656.052
ISSN pri članku:0001-4575
DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2022.106766 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:115669763 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:05.09.2022
Število ogledov:551
Število prenosov:101
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Accident analysis and prevention
Skrajšan naslov:Accident anal. prev.
Založnik:Elsevier
ISSN:0001-4575
COBISS.SI-ID:1775370 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:prevzem vodenja, pogojno avtonomna vožnja, uporabniški vmesniki, priporočila, simulatorji vožnje, uporabniške študije

Projekti

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P2-0246
Naslov:ICT4QoL - Informacijsko komunikacijske tehnologije za kakovostno življenje

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:L2-8178
Naslov:Nevrofiziološko in kognitivno profiliranje vozniških sposobnosti

Financer:EC - European Commission
Program financ.:H2020
Številka projekta:875597
Naslov:Holistic Approach for Driver Role Integration and Automation Allocation for European Mobility Needs
Akronim:HADRIAN

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