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Toward a beech-dominated alternative stable state in dinaric mixed montane forests : a long-term study of the Pecka old-growth forest
ID Diaci, Jurij (Avtor), ID Adamič, Tomaž (Avtor), ID Fidej, Gal (Avtor), ID Roženbergar, Dušan (Avtor)

URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/ffgc.2022.937404/full Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
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Izvleček
In the last century, a synchronous beech expansion has been observed for many mixed mountain forests in southeastern Europe. This change is associated with the interaction of various disturbances. We analyzed structural changes in the Pecka oldgrowth forest in Slovenia during the last century, using several inventories of the tree layer, regeneration, and site factors. Throughout the observation period, the density of silver fir in the regeneration layer and in the overstory steadily decreased. In 1893, silver fir accounted for about 60% of the growing stock, whereas in 2013 it accounted for less than 13%. This is likely because of silver fir’s decline in the canopy layer due to air pollution, successive windthrows, and overbrowsing. However, climate change may also have played an important role, as silver fir also declined in southeastern European old-growth forests where air pollution was less pronounced and ungulate densities were low. A gradual decline of silver fir in the overstory resulted in a decrease of overall tree density to 231 trees ha−1 , while growing stock remained relatively high at 712 m3 ha−1 . Median diffuse light at 1.3 m was 3.7% and regeneration density was 19,954 ha−1 . Beech was dominant (94%), followed by silver fir (4%), and sycamore maple (2%). No silver fir seedlings larger than 0.2 m were recorded. Silver fir, sycamore maple, and beech regeneration showed 87, 76, and 45% browsing damage, respectively. Regression models indicated some evidence of niche partitioning between silver fir and beech. However, many processes may be masked by the silver fir’s avoidance strategy. Given current red deer densities, climate change, and existing forest structure, the Pecka old-growth forest will likely reach an alternative stable state dominated by beech in a few decades. This calls for immediate reduction of ungulate populations. Despite the interaction of multiple disturbances, the Pecka old-growth forest has maintained a relatively high overall growing stock, a favorable microclimate, and succession pathway with shade-tolerant beech. This indicates the intrinsic resilience of natural forests. The mechanisms discussed here can be applied to the future governance of old-growth and managed montane mixed forests.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:Fagus sylvatica, stand structure, regeneration dynamics, overbrowsing, windthrow, air pollution, Abies alba
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Leto izida:2022
Status objave pri reviji:Objavljeno
Verzija članka:Založnikova različica članka
Datum objave:30.06.2022
Št. strani:11 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 5, art. 937404
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-138637 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:630*22
ISSN pri članku:2624-893X
DOI:10.3389/ffgc.2022.937404 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:117408771 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:04.08.2022
Število ogledov:32
Število prenosov:18
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Frontiers in forests and global change
Skrajšan naslov:Front. for. glob. change
Založnik:Frontiers Media S.A.
ISSN:2624-893X
COBISS.SI-ID:5283750 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:04.08.2022

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:navadna bukev, zgradba sestoja, dinamika obnavljanja, prekomerna brst, vetrolom, onesnaženost zraka, jelka

Projekti

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Program financ.:Javna agencija Republike Slovenije za raziskovalno dejavnost
Številka projekta:J4-1765-2019
Naslov:Forest ecosystem dynamics under climate change: effects of severe disturbance and climate warming

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Program financ.:Javna agencija Republike Slovenije za raziskovalno dejavnost
Številka projekta:P4-0059-2020
Naslov:Gozd, gozdarstvo in obnovljivi gozdni viri

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