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Timing and synchrony of birth in Eurasian lynx across Europe
ID Mattisson, Jenny (Avtor), ID Linnell, John (Avtor), ID Anders, Ole (Avtor), ID Belotti, Elisa (Avtor), ID Breitenmoser-Würsten, Christine (Avtor), ID Bufka, Luděk (Avtor), ID Fuxjäger, Christian (Avtor), ID Heurich, Marco (Avtor), ID Ivanov, Gjorge (Avtor), ID Jędrzejewski, Włodzimierz (Avtor), ID Krofel, Miha (Avtor), et al.

URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ece3.9147 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
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Izvleček
The ecology and evolution of reproductive timing and synchrony have been a topic of great interest in evolutionary ecology for decades. Originally motivated by questions related to behavioral and reproductive adaptation to environmental conditions, the topic has acquired new relevance in the face of climate change. However, there has been relatively little research on reproductive phenology in mammalian carnivores. The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) occurs across the Eurasian continent, covering three of the four main climate regions of the world. Thus, their distribution includes a large variation in climatic conditions, making it an ideal species to explore reproductive phenology. Here, we used data on multiple reproductive events from 169 lynx females across Europe. Mean birth date was May 28 (April 23 to July 1), but was ~10 days later in northern Europe than in central and southern Europe. Birth dates were relatively synchronized across Europe, but more so in the north than in the south. Timing of birth was delayed by colder May temperatures. Severe and cold weather may affect neonatal survival via hypothermia and avoiding inclement weather early in the season may select against early births, especially at northern latitudes. Overall, only about half of the kittens born survived until onset of winter but whether kittens were born relatively late or early did not affect kitten survival. Lynx are strict seasonal breeders but still show a degree of flexibility to adapt the timing of birth to surrounding environmental conditions. We argue that lynx give birth later when exposed to colder spring temperatures and have more synchronized births when the window of favorable conditions for raising kittens is shorter. This suggests that lynx are well adapted to different environmental conditions, from dry and warm climates to alpine, boreal, and arctic climates. This variation in reproductive timing will be favorable in times of climate change, as organisms with high plasticity are more likely to adjust to new environmental conditions.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:carnivore, demography, Lynx lynx, reproductive phenology
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Leto izida:2022
Status objave pri reviji:Objavljeno
Verzija članka:Založnikova različica članka
Datum objave:31.07.2022
Št. strani:13 str.
Številčenje:iss. 8, art. e9147
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-138626 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:630*15
ISSN pri članku:2045-7758
DOI:10.1002/ece3.9147 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:117354499 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:04.08.2022
Število ogledov:41
Število prenosov:91
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Ecology and evolution
Založnik:Wiley-Blackwell, Blackwell Publishing
ISSN:2045-7758
COBISS.SI-ID:518617625 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:04.08.2022

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:zveri, demografija, Lynx lynx, evrazijski ris, razmnoževanje, fenologija

Projekti

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Program financ.:Javna agencija Republike Slovenije za raziskovalno dejavnost
Številka projekta:P4-0059-2020
Naslov:Gozd, gozdarstvo in obnovljivi gozdni viri

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Program financ.:Javna agencija Republike Slovenije za raziskovalno dejavnost
Številka projekta:N1-0163-2020
Naslov:Vpogled v medvrstne in znotrajvrstne interakcije med prostoživečimi mačkami v Evropi in Afriki

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