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Eutypella parasitica and other frequently isolated fungi in wood of dead branches of young Sycamore Maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) in Slovenia
ID Brglez, Ana (Avtor), ID Piškur, Barbara (Avtor), ID Ogris, Nikica (Avtor)

URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite http://dirros.openscience.si/IzpisGradiva.php?id=11956 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://doi.org/10.3390/f11040467 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/11/4/467 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Izvleček
Eutypella parasitica R.W. Davidson and R.C. Lorenz is the causative agent of Eutypella canker of maple, a destructive disease of maples in Europe and North America. The fungus E. parasitica infects the trunk through a branch stub or bark wound. Because the fungal community may have an impact on infection and colonization by E. parasitica, the composition of fungi colonizing wood of dead branches of sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) was investigated in five sampling sites in Slovenia. Forty samples from each sampling site were collected between the November 2017 and March 2018 period. Isolations were made from the wood in the outer part of dead branches and from discoloured wood in the trunk that originated from a dead branch. Pure cultures were divided into morphotypes, and one representative culture per morphotype was selected for further molecular identification. From a total of 2700 cultured subsamples, 1744 fungal cultures were obtained, which were grouped into 212 morphotypes. The investigated samples were colonized by a broad spectrum of fungi. The most frequently isolated species were Eutypa maura (Fr.) Sacc., Eutypa sp. Tul. and C. Tul., Fusarium avenaceum (Fr.) Sacc., Neocucurbitaria acerina Wanas., Camporesi, E.B.G. Jones and K.D. Hyde and E. parasitica. In this study, we distinguished species diversity and the fungal community. There were no significant differences in the diversity of fungal species between the five sampling sites, and branch thickness did not prove to be a statistically significant factor in fungal species diversity. Nevertheless, relatively low Jaccard similarity index values suggested possible differences in the fungal communities from different sampling sites. This was confirmed by an analysis of similarities, which showed that the isolated fungal community distinctly differed between the five sampling sites and between the different isolation sources. Eutypella parasitica was isolated from all five investigated sampling sites, although Eutypella cankers were observed in only three sampling sites, indicating the possibility of asymptomatic infection.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:fungal composition, invasive species, diversity, fungal communities, molecular identification, frequencies, Jaccard similarity index, Eutypella parasitica, analysis of similarities, colonization
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Različica publikacije:Objavljena publikacija
Datum objave:01.01.2020
Leto izida:2020
Št. strani:Str. 1-18
Številčenje:Vol. 11, iss.ǂ4, article 467
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-138142 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:630*
ISSN pri članku:1999-4907
DOI:10.3390/f11040467 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:5655206 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:12.07.2022
Število ogledov:461
Število prenosov:59
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Forests
Skrajšan naslov:Forests
Založnik:MDPI
ISSN:1999-4907
COBISS.SI-ID:3872166 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:12.07.2022

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:sestava glivnih vrst, invazivna vrsta, pestrost, združbe gliv, molekularno določanje, Jaccardov indeks podobnosti, Eutypella parasitica, analiza podobnosti, kolonizacija, frekvence

Projekti

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P4-0107-2020
Naslov:Gozdna biologija, ekologija in tehnologija

Financer:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Program financ.:Ministrstvo za kmetijstvo, gozdarstvo in prehrano
Številka projekta:JGS
Naslov:Javna gozdarska služba
Akronim:JGS

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:MR
Naslov:Mladi raziskovalec
Akronim:MR

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