The first part of the thesis is based on a study of long-term care systems in more advanced countries of the European Union, such as Austria, the Netherlands and Finland. It describes the current regulation of the system in Slovenia and the regulation of the system from the Proposal for the Long-Term Care Act 2020. The aim of the first part of the research is to determine the similarities, differences and common characteristics of long-term care systems. We asked ourselves the research question of whether long-term care systems are regulated differently in selected countries. We found that no system is the same as another and the systems are adapted to the specifics of each country or the needs of citizens. What they all have in common, however, is that they are financed from public funds and that they play a major role in the organization of long-term care, local authorities. No law in the field of long-term care in these selected countries is complete and is supplemented and upgraded with regulations and annexes and even reforms.
In the second part of the thesis, we answered two research questions, namely whether the citizens of the municipality of Krško want to spend their old age in the local community and whether the citizens would be willing to pay extra for services at home if they could no longer take care of themselves. stay at home longer. We researched the profile of the municipality of Krško, important actors in the field of old and necessary assistance, and with the help of selected samples of the population based on surveys to determine the need for long-term care in the municipality of Krško. We found that the municipality with its actors takes good care of senior citizens and they already have a planned concept of deinstitutionalization in the local community. The citizens of the municipality of Krško want to spend their old age in the municipality in case they need the help of a third party. More than half of the respondents are willing to pay for services in exchange for being able to stay in their home environment for as long as possible. If they had to choose, they would prefer to spend their old age at home, and secondly, they would choose a serviced apartment, then a household community, and last but not least, a home for the elderly.
Based on the obtained data, we found that municipalities in Slovenia will play a major role in implementing the Long-Term Care Act in the local community and with the acquired analysis of long-term care needs in the Municipality of Krško help facilitate long-term care planning in their local community.