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Dietary intakes and cardiovascular health of healthy adults in short-, medium-, and long-term whole-food plant-based lifestyle program
ID Jakše, Boštjan (Avtor), ID Jakše, Barbara (Avtor), ID Pinter, Stanislav (Avtor), ID Jug, Borut (Avtor), ID Godnov, Uroš (Avtor), ID Pajek, Jernej (Avtor), ID Fidler Mis, Nataša (Avtor)

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Izvleček
An effective lifestyle strategy to reduce cardiovascular diseases risk (CVD) factors is needed. We examined the effects of a whole-food plant-based (WFPB) lifestyle program on dietary intake and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in 151 adults (mean 39.6 (SD 12.5) years). Adherence was categorised into short-, medium- and long-term (years: (0.5–<2), (2–<5) and (5–10)), for both genders separately. Dietary intakes were assessed, fasting blood lipids and blood pressure (BP) were measured, and % participants reaching guideline recommended targets for LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and BP in the primary CVD prevention was assessed. There were no statistically significant differences in intakes of energy and most nutrients among participants (both genders), that were short-, medium- and long term in our program. Diet was mainly composed of unprocessed vegetables/fruits, whole grains, legumes, potatoes, and nuts/seeds. LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, systolic and diastolic BP were within targets for: 93%, 97%, 88% and 95% participants, respectively. In females (vs. males), total- and HDL-cholesterol were higher (mean): 3.8 (SD 0.7) vs. 3.4 (SD 0.9), p = 0.002 and 1.5 (SD 0.3) vs. 1.1 (SD 0.2) mmol/L, p < 0.001), systolic BP was lower (113 (SD 11) vs. 120 (SD 10) mmHg, p = 0.001), while there was no difference in diastolic BP (71 (SD 9) vs. 72 (SD 8) mmHg, p = 0.143). More females vs. males reached target triglycerides (99% vs. 91%, p = 0.021) and systolic BP (92% vs. 79%, p = 0.046), while similar females and males reached target LDL-cholesterol (94% vs. 91%, p = 0.500) and diastolic BP (93% vs. 100%, p = 0.107). Participation in our WFPB lifestyle program is associated with favourable dietary intakes, safety markers, and CV risk factor profiles.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:nutrition, plant-based diet, vegan diet, lifestyle, cardiovascular health, blood lipids, blood pressure
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
FŠ - Fakulteta za šport
MF - Medicinska fakulteta
Status publikacije:Objavljeno
Različica publikacije:Objavljena publikacija
Leto izida:2020
Št. strani:27 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 12, iss. 1, art. 55
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-133288 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:613.2:611.1
ISSN pri članku:2072-6643
DOI:10.3390/nu12010055 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:5641649 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:19.11.2021
Število ogledov:925
Število prenosov:166
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Nutrients
Skrajšan naslov:Nutrients
Založnik:MDPI
ISSN:2072-6643
COBISS.SI-ID:2948140 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:01.01.2020

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:prehrana, prehranjevanje, dietetika, vegetarijanska dieta, veganska dieta, življenjski stil, kardiovaskularni sistem, srčnožilni sistem, krvni pritisk

Projekti

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P3-0395
Naslov:Prehrana in javno zdravje

Financer:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Program financ.:Barbara Jakše, sole proprietor

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