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The contribution of the LIFE program to mitigating damages caused by large carnivores in Europe
Oliveira, Teresa (Avtor), Treves, Adrian (Avtor), López-Bao, José Vicente (Avtor), Krofel, Miha (Avtor)

URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01815 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
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Izvleček
Governments around the world invest considerable resources to reduce damages caused by large carnivores on human property. To use these investments more efficiently and effectively, we need to understand which interventions successfully prevent such damages and which do not. In the European Union, the LIFE program represents by far the largest financial instrument to help EU Member States with the implementation of conservation activities, including mitigation of damages caused by large carnivores. However, we currently lack information about the effectiveness of this funding program in reducing carnivore damages. We reviewed 135 LIFE projects dealing with large carnivores between 1992 and 2019 to provide an overview of the use of damage prevention methods and evaluate their functional and perceived effectiveness. Methods evaluated ranged from non-lethal and lethal interventions, to information dissemination and compensation schemes. The largest number of the projects was focused on grey wolf (Canis lupus) and brown bears (Ursus arctos) in the Mediterranean countries and in Romania. Electric fences were reported as the most successful method for reducing damages by large carnivores, and most of the non-lethal methods used showed at least moderate effectiveness. However, standards of measuring and reporting effectiveness were in general relatively low, which limits our ability to measure actual impact. We urge project managers and evaluators to improve these standards, as well as the dissemination of the project results. We provide a list of recommendations for improving measuring and reporting success of implemented interventions for the benefit of future projects aimed to reduce damages caused by wildlife.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:coexistence, human-wildlife conflicts, Europe, damage prevention, Brown bear, Grey wolf, Eurasian lynx, electric fences, livestock guarding dogs
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji (dk_c)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Leto izida:2021
Poslano v recenzijo:19.07.2021
Datum sprejetja članka:10.09.2021
Datum objave članka:11.09.2021
Št. strani:10 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 31, e 01815
UDK:630*15
ISSN pri članku:2351-9894
DOI:10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01815 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:83671299 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:51
Število prenosov:26
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Global ecology and conservation
Založnik:Elsevier
ISSN:2351-9894
COBISS.SI-ID:520381209 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Gradivo je financirano iz projekta

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:P4-0059
Naslov:Gozd, gozdarstvo in obnovljivi gozdni viri

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:N1-0163
Naslov:Vpogled v medvrstne in znotrajvrstne interakcije med prostoživečimi mačkami v Evropi in Afriki

Financer:EC - European Commission
Program financ.:LIFE
Številka projekta:r LIFE16 GIE/DE/ 000661
Naslov:EuroLargeCarnivores

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:11.09.2021

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:sožitje bivanja, konflikti med človekom in prostoživečimi živalmi, konflikti, Evropa, preprečevanje škode, rjavi medved, sivi volk, evroazijski ris, električne ograje, psi čuvaji živine

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