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Conflicts with wolves can originate from their parent packs
Liere, Diederik van (Avtor), Siard, Nataša (Avtor), Martens, Pim (Avtor), Jordan, Dušanka (Avtor)

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Izvleček
Transmission of experience about prey and habitat supports the survival of next generation of wolves. Thus, the parent pack (PP) can affect whether young migrating wolves (loners) kill farm animals or choose to be in human environments, which generates human–wolf conflicts. Therefore, we researched whether the behavior of loners resembles PP behavior. After being extinct, 22 loners had entered the Netherlands between 2015 and 2019. Among them, 14 could be DNA-identified and linked with their PPs in Germany. Some loners were siblings. We assessed the behavior of each individual and PP through a structured Google search. PP behavior was determined for the loner’s rearing period. Similarity between loner and PP behavior was significant (p = 0.022) and applied to 10 of 14 cases: like their PPs, three loners killed sheep and were near humans, five killed sheep and did not approach humans, while two loners were unproblematic, they did not kill sheep, nor were they near humans. Siblings behaved similarly. Thus, sheep killing and proximity to humans may develop during early-life experiences in the PP. However, by negative reinforcement that can be prevented. New methods are suggested to achieve that. As a result, new generations may not be problematic when leaving PPs.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:human–animal conflict, wolf behavior, migrating wolves, sheep killing, early-life experiences, bold wolves, learning, depredation, deterrence
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji (dk_c)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Leto izida:2021
Št. strani:18 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 11, no. 3, art. 1801
UDK:591.5
ISSN pri članku:2076-2615
DOI:10.3390/ani11061801 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:68052995 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:49
Število prenosov:7
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Animals
Skrajšan naslov:Animals
Založnik:MDPI
ISSN:2076-2615
COBISS.SI-ID:519120409 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:16.06.2021

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Ključne besede:volkovi, obnašanje živali, etologija, učenje, plen, ovce, bližina ljudi, konflikti

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