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Nutrition and physical activity behavior in 11–14-year-old schoolchildren in Serbia
ID Cvetković, Biljana (Avtor), ID Cvetković, Milan (Avtor), ID Petrušič, Tanja (Avtor), ID Đorđić, Višnja (Avtor), ID Bubanj, Saša (Avtor), ID Popović, Boris (Avtor), ID Andrašić, Slobodan (Avtor), ID Buišić, Svetlana (Avtor), ID Bogataj, Špela (Avtor)

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Izvleček
Regular physical activity and healthy diet have a significant positive impact on children’s health. Lack of physical activity increases the risk of various diseases, while obesity has become an alarming health problem worldwide. The aim of this study is to investigate the patterns of physical activity and diet among 11–14-year-old school children in Serbia. The sample included 623 primary school children, of whom 333 were boys (53.45%) and 290 were girls (46.55%). The children were also divided according to their age/grade: fifth grade/11 years (24.40% (n = 152; M = 84, F = 68)), sixth grade/12 years (25.68% (n = 160; M = 91, F = 69)), seventh grade/13 years (26.81% (n = 167; M = 83, F = 84)) and eighth grade/14 years (23.11% (n = 144; M = 75, F = 69)). Children’s lifestyle was assessed using two subscales of questionnaires based on the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile model II. The Mann–Whitney U test showed no statistically significant difference between boys and girls in the variables Nutrition (p = 0.81) and Physical Activity (p = 0.91). The Kruskal–Wallis test was applied and showed no statistically significant differences between children of different ages, regardless of gender, in the variable Nutrition (p = 0.63). However, differences were evident in the variable Physical Activity (p < 0.001), with the highest mean scores recorded in 12- and 13-year-old children and the lowest in 14-year-old children. Additionally, no statistically significant differences were found among boys as a function of age in the variables Nutrition (p = 0.55) and Physical Activity (p = 0.15), nor among girls in the variable Nutrition (p = 0.43), but in the variable Physical Activity (p = 0.01). In general, it can be concluded that the older primary school children have relatively satisfactory dietary and physical activity habits, but that these behaviors decrease with age, especially the level of physical activity. There is a need for better and more effective education of children about the benefits and importance of proper nutrition and regular physical activity.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:nutrition, physical activity, student, primary school, gender, age differences
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:PEF - Pedagoška fakulteta
FŠ - Fakulteta za šport
Status publikacije:Objavljeno
Različica publikacije:Objavljena publikacija
Leto izida:2021
Št. strani:10 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 8, iss. 8, art. 625
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-128970 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
ISSN pri članku:2227-9067
DOI:10.3390/children8080625 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:73474563 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:20.08.2021
Število ogledov:674
Število prenosov:78
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Children
Skrajšan naslov:Children
Založnik:MDPI
ISSN:2227-9067
COBISS.SI-ID:523029017 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:01.08.2021

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Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:športna aktivnost, otroci, spolne razlike, telovadba, prehrana, fiziologija

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