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The risk assessment of pesticide ingestion with fruit and vegetables for consumer's health
ID Jurak, Gordana (Avtor), ID Bošnir, Jasna (Avtor), ID Đikić, Domagoj (Avtor), ID Mojsović Ćuić, Ana (Avtor), ID Pavlinić Prokurica, Iva (Avtor), ID Racz, Aleksandar (Avtor), ID Jukić, Tomislav (Avtor), ID Štubljar, David (Avtor), ID Starc, Andrej (Avtor)

URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijfs/2021/9990219/ Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
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Izvleček
Pesticides are chemicals used in agriculture to protect crops from pests. In addition to protection during cultivation, they are also used after harvesting to extend the shelf life of products. Postharvest control stands out, especially when it comes to products imported from distant countries, resulting in increased concentration of pesticides and risk to human health consuming such products. In this study, analyses of pesticide residues were performed on 200 samples of fruits and vegetables. Pesticide residues were identified and quantified in 30 out of 200 samples. Study results revealed imazalil to be the most frequently detected pesticide. Risk assessment was performed on the obtained results, and it was carried out separately for adults and for children under 6 years of age. Imazalil showed the highest ARfD percentage for adults (max% ARfD 251%), and these values were especially high on risk assessment for children, where they amounted up to max% ARfD 1087%. The study of imazalil impact was performed on 16 Swiss albino mice divided into two groups and 4 subgroups. Experimental group animals were treated with the corresponding NOAEL dose of imazalil (10 mg/kg) for 28 days. Body weight was measured before each pesticide application on a digital electronic Sartorius scale. Peripheral blood analysis was performed after 28-day animal exposure to pesticides. Animals were anesthetized, blood samples were obtained by cardiac puncture, and red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (Hb) concentration, and white blood cell (WBC) count were determined by standard hematological methods. The organs for determination of imazalil concentration were extracted immediately upon animal sacrifice and stored in a freezer at -80°C until analysis. Results show difference in gain weight, and an increase in WBC count was recorded in the experimental group as compared with a control group of animals. The highest imazalil levels were recorded in adipose tissue (45.2‰) which proves tendency to accumulate.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:human health, pesticides, imazalil, risk assessment
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji (dk_c)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:ZF - Zdravstvena fakulteta
Leto izida:2021
Status objave pri reviji:Objavljeno
Verzija članka:Založnikova različica članka
Št. strani:Str. 1-8
Številčenje:Vol. 2021
UDK:614:632.95.024
ISSN pri članku:2314-5765
DOI:10.1155/2021/9990219 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:67802883 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:22.06.2021
Število ogledov:264
Število prenosov:79
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:International journal of food science
Skrajšan naslov:int. j. food sci.
Založnik:Hindawi
ISSN:2314-5765
COBISS.SI-ID:523833369 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:15.06.2021

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:zdravje ljudi, pesticidi, imazalil, ocena tveganja

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