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ERIC and WGS typing of Paenibacillus larvae in Slovenia : investigation of ERIC I outbreaks
Žugelj, Alenka (Avtor), Papić, Bojan (Avtor), Zdovc, Irena (Avtor), Zajc, Urška (Avtor), Golob, Majda (Avtor), Avberšek, Jana (Avtor), Kušar, Darja (Avtor)

URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/12/4/362 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
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Izvleček
Simple Summary American foulbrood is a serious disease of honeybees caused by Paenibacillus larvae. ERIC-PCR is a widely used method for typing of P. larvae that currently divides it into five ERIC types (ERIC I–V); these differ in certain phenotypic characteristics—most importantly, virulence. In the first part of the study, we assessed the distribution of ERIC types in Slovenia in the period 2017–2019 on a set of 506 P. larvae isolates. We identified ERIC II as the predominant type (70.2%), followed by ERIC I (29.8%). In the second part of the study, we typed 59 outbreak-related ERIC I isolates using whole-genome sequencing, which revealed seven ERIC I-ST2 outbreak clusters (≤35 allele differences). The transmission of the outbreak clone within a 3-km radius was observed in all seven clusters and could be explained by the activity of honeybees. The transmission of the outbreak clone between geographically distant apiaries was observed in three clusters and could be explained by migratory beekeeping and trading of bee colonies. The present findings highlight the importance of beekeeping activities in the transmission of P. larvae over large geographic distances. Abstract Paenibacillus larvae is the causative agent of American foulbrood (AFB), a fatal disease of honeybee brood. Here, we obtained 506 P. larvae isolates originating from honey or brood samples and from different geographic regions of Slovenia in the period 2017–2019. In the first part of the study, we conducted ERIC-PCR typing to assess the frequency of ERIC types in Slovenia. Capillary electrophoresis was used for the analysis of ERIC patterns, revealing good separation efficiency and enabling easy lane-to-lane comparisons. ERIC II was the predominant type (70.2%), followed by ERIC I (29.8%); two slightly altered ERIC I banding patterns were observed but were not considered relevant for the discrimination of ERIC types. No evident spatiotemporal clustering of ERIC types was observed. To assess the clonality of the outbreak-related P. larvae ERIC I isolates, 59 isolates of this type underwent whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Whole-genome multilocus sequence typing (wgMLST) revealed seven ERIC I-ST2 outbreak clusters (≤35 allele differences) with the median intra-outbreak diversity ranging from 7 to 27 allele differences. In all seven clusters, the transmission of P. larvae outbreak clone within a 3-km radius (AFB zone) was observed, which could be explained by the activity of honeybees. In three clusters, the transmission of the outbreak clone between geographically distant apiaries was revealed, which could be explained by the activities of beekeepers such as migratory beekeeping and trading of bee colonies. The present findings reinforce the importance of beekeeping activities in the transmission of P. larvae. WGS should be used as a reference typing method for the detection of P. larvae transmission clusters

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:Paenibacillus larvae, American foulbrood (AFB), ERIC-PCR, whole-genome sequencing (WGS), transmission, outbreak investigation
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji (dk_c)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:VF - Veterinarska fakulteta
Leto izida:2021
Št. strani:art. 362, str. 1-11
Številčenje:Vol. 12, no. 4
UDK:577
ISSN pri članku:2075-4450
DOI:10.3390/insects12040362 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:60749571 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:109
Število prenosov:55
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Insects
Skrajšan naslov:Insects
Založnik:MDPI
ISSN:2075-4450
COBISS.SI-ID:519122457 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Gradivo je financirano iz projekta

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:V4-1804
Naslov:Ugotavljanje poti širjenja hude gnilobe čebelje zalege z genetsko tipizacijo sevov povzročitelja bolezni

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:P4-0092
Naslov:Zdravje živali, okolje in varna hrana

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:19.04.2021

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