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Vpliv izobraževanja na ozaveščenost o citomegalovirusu v Sloveniji pri študentkah babištva : diplomsko delo
Žičkar Vodlan, Patricija (Avtor), Premru-Sršen, Tanja (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu, Mivšek, Ana Polona (Recenzent)

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Izvleček
Uvod: Citomegalovirus (CMV) spada v družino herpes virusov, katerih pomembna lastnost je latentna naselitev v organizmu in možnost kasnejše reaktivacije, posebno ob padcu imunskega sistema. Jasnih simptomov okužba s citomegalovirusom nima, kaže se kot gripa ali mononukleoza, redko pa v hujših oblikah, kot sta pljučnica ali hemolitična anemija. Citomegalovirus se prenaša z vsemi telesnimi tekočinami (slina, izločki dihal, seč, spolni stik, kri, transfuzija …), čas inkubacije je od tri do dvanajst tednov. Okužena oseba lahko izloča virus še dolgo časa po preboleli okužbi. V svetovnem merilu je citomegalovirus najpogostejša prirojena okužba, ki prizadene od 0,5 do 2,5 % živorojenih otrok. Edukacija o načinu prenosa je trenutno edina možnost za preprečevanje konginetalne okužbe z virusom citomegalije. Namen: Namen diplomske naloge je predstaviti citomegalovirus, posledice, ki jih prinaša okužba z virusom citomegalije v nosečnosti za plod in kasnejše dolgoročne posledice. Zanima nas, koliko študenti babištva vedo o citomegalovirusu ter kakšen vpliv ima dodatno izobraževanje s predavanji na poznavanje okužbe s citomegalovirusom v nosečnosti. Metode dela: V diplomski nalogi je uporabljena kvantitativna metoda raziskovanja. Pregledali smo razpoložljivo domačo in tujo literaturo o citomegalovirusni okužbi. Obenem smo izvedli izobraževanje o citomegalovirusu med študenti babištva. Učinek izobraževanja na znanje o citomegalovirusni okužbi smo ugotavljali z anketo pred in po izobraževanju. Za analizo smo uporabili osnovne deskriptivne mere in statistični test, Pearsonov hi-kvadrat. Rezultati: Rezultati, do katerih smo prišli pri izdelavi diplomskega dela, nakazujejo na pomanjkljivo znanje študentov babištva o citomegalovirusu. Vidna je razlika pred in po izobraževanju, vsem sodelujočim v raziskavi pa se zdi dobra ideja, da bi o citomegalovirusu govorili več in za ozaveščanje nosečnic naredili tudi zloženko. S statističnim testom smo potrdili tudi našo hipotezo, da z namenskim izobraževanjem večamo ozaveščenost študentov babištva o tem virusu. Razprava in zaključek: Citomegalovirus je virus, s katerim se pogosto srečujemo, vendar o njem vemo zelo malo. Zdravstveno osebje je potrebno o tem organizirano izobraževati, da lahko ženskam zagotovijo ustrezne informacije o preprečevanju okužbe s citomegalovirusom v nosečnosti.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:diplomska dela, babištvo, citomegalovirus, okužbe, plod, nosečnice, nosečnost, posledice
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Tipologija:2.11 - Diplomsko delo
Organizacija:ZF - Zdravstvena fakulteta
Leto izida:2020
Založnik:[P. Žičkar Vodlan]
Št. strani:24 str., [8] str. pril.
UDK:618.2/.7
COBISS.SI-ID:43686659 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:113
Število prenosov:59
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:The impact of education on awareness of cytomegalovirus in Slovenia by midwifery students : diploma work
Izvleček:
Introduction: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) belongs to the family of herpes viruses whose important feature is the latent settlement in the body and the possibility of subsequent reactivation, especially in the event of a decline in the immune system. Cytomegalovirus infection has no clear symptoms, manifests as influenza or mononucleosis, and rarely in more severe forms such as pneumonia or hemolytic anemia. Cytomegalovirus is transmitted by all body fluids (saliva, respiratory secretions, urine, sexual intercourse, blood, transfusion…), the incubation time is three to twelve weeks. An infected person can spread the virus for a long time after recovering from the infection. Globally, cytomegalovirus is the most common congenital infection, affecting 0.5 to 2.5% of live births. Education on the mode of transmission is currently the only option for preventing congenital cytomegalovirus infection. Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to present cytomegalovirus, what are the consequences of infection with cytomegalovirus in pregnancy on the fetus and what are the long-term consequences. We are interested in how much midwifery students know about cytomegalovirus and how additional education through lectures affects knowledge of cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy. Methods of work: The quantitative research method is used in the diploma thesis. We reviewed the available domestic and foreign literature on cytomegalovirus infection. At the same time, we conducted cytomegalovirus education among midwifery students. The effect of education on knowledge of cytomegalovirus infection was determined by a pre- and post-education survey. Basic descriptive measures and the Pearson Hi-square statistical test were used for analysis. Results: The results we obtained in the preparation of the diploma thesis indicate a lack of knowledge of midwifery students about cytomegalovirus. There is a visible difference before and after education to all participants in the research, but it seems a good idea to talk more about cytomegalovirus and to make a leaflet to raise awareness among pregnant women. We also used a statistical test to confirm our hypothesis that targeted education increases the awareness of midwifery students about this virus. Discussion and conclusion: Cytomegalovirus is a virus that we encounter often but know very little about. Healthcare professionals need targeted training to provide women with relevant information on preventing cytomegalovirus infection during pregnancy.

Ključne besede:diploma theses, midwifery, cytomegalovirus, infections, fetus, pregnant women, pregnancy, consequences

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