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European beech stem diameter grows better in mixed than in mono-specific stands at the edge of its distribution in mountain forests
ID Pretzsch, Hans (Avtor), ID Hilmers, Torben (Avtor), ID Uhl, Enno (Avtor), ID Bielak, Kamil (Avtor), ID Bošela, Michal (Avtor), ID del Rio, Miren (Avtor), ID Dobor, Laura (Avtor), ID Forrester, David I. (Avtor), ID Nagel, Thomas Andrew (Avtor), ID Pach, Maciej (Avtor), ID Avdagić, Admir (Avtor), ID Bellan, Michal (Avtor), ID Binder, Franz (Avtor), ID Bončina, Andrej (Avtor), ID Bravo, Felipe (Avtor), ID de-Dios-García, Javier (Avtor), ID Dinca, Lucian (Avtor), ID Drozdowski, Stanisław (Avtor), ID Giammarchi, Francesco (Avtor), ID Hoehn, Maria (Avtor), ID Ibrahimspahić, Aida (Avtor), ID Jaworski, Andrzej (Avtor), ID Klopčič, Matija (Avtor), ID Kurylyak, Viktor (Avtor), ID Lévesque, Mathieu (Avtor), ID Lombardi, Fabio (Avtor), ID Matović, Bratislav (Avtor), ID Ordóñez, Cristóbal (Avtor), ID Petráš, Rudolf (Avtor), ID Rubio-Cuadrado, Alvaro (Avtor), ID Stojanović, Dejan (Avtor), ID Skrzyszewski, Jerzy (Avtor), ID Stajić, Branko (Avtor), ID Svoboda, Miroslav (Avtor), ID Versace, Soraya (Avtor), ID Zlatanov, Tzvetan (Avtor), ID Tognetti, Roberto (Avtor)

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MD5: A15CA22F49541D9A906A709F0607886E
URLURL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-020-01319-y Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Izvleček
Recent studies show that several tree species are spreading to higher latitudes and elevations due to climate change. European beech, presently dominating from the colline to the subalpine vegetation belt, is already present in upper montane subalpine forests and has a high potential to further advance to higher elevations in European mountain forests, where the temperature is predicted to further increase in the near future. Although essential for adaptive silviculture, it remains unknown whether the upward shift of beech could be assisted when it is mixed with Norway spruce or silver fr compared with mono-specifc stands, as the species interactions under such conditions are hardly known. In this study, we posed the general hypotheses that the growth depending on age of European beech in mountain forests was similar in mono-specifc and mixed-species stands and remained stable over time and space in the last two centuries. The scrutiny of these hypotheses was based on increment coring of 1240 dominant beech trees in 45 plots in mono-specifc stands of beech and in 46 mixed mountain forests. We found that (i) on average, mean tree diameter increased linearly with age. The age trend was linear in both forest types, but the slope of the age%growth relationship was higher in mono-specifc than in mixed mountain forests. (ii) Beech growth in mono-specifc stands was stronger reduced with increasing elevation than that in mixed-species stands. (iii) Beech growth in mono-specifc stands was on average higher than beech growth in mixed stands. However, at elevations>1200 m, growth of beech in mixed stands was higher than that in mono-specifc stands. Diferences in the growth patterns among elevation zones are less pronounced now than in the past, in both mono-specifc and mixed stands. As the higher and longer persisting growth rates extend the fexibility of suitable ages or size for tree harvest and removal, the longer-lasting growth may be of special relevance for multi-aged silviculture concepts. On top of their function for structure and habitat improvement, the remaining old trees may grow more in mass and value than assumed so far.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:age-dependent tree growth, inter-specifc facilitation, intra-specifc competition, climate change, growth trends, growth acceleration
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji (dk_c)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Leto izida:2020
Status objave pri reviji:Objavljeno
Verzija članka:Založnikova različica članka
Št. strani:Str.
Številčenje:Vol. , iss.
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-121614 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:630*18
ISSN pri članku:1612-4677
DOI:10.1007/s10342-020-01319-y Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:32998659 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:20.10.2020
Število ogledov:592
Število prenosov:497
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:European journal of forest research (Internet)
Skrajšan naslov:Eur. j. for. res.
Založnik:Springer
ISSN:1612-4677
COBISS.SI-ID:512515865 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:20.10.2020

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:soodvisnost dreves, rast dreves, medsebojna olajšava, konkurenca, podnebne spremembe, pospeševanje rasti

Projekti

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:J4-1765
Naslov:Razvoj gozdnih ekosistemov in klimatske spremembe: učinki ujm večjega obsega in segrevanja ozračja

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