The thesis researches the correlation between emotional involvement and perceived criticism in family-of-origin and emotional competence in adulthood. The theoretical part describes emotions and their development, in particular emotional development in children and adolescents. It also presents emotional and behavioural disorders in adolescence and describes emotional intelligence. Furthermore, the theoretical part provides an overview of family life psychology as discussed by Slovene and foreign authors, presents family as a system, describes family, emotions in it and the transmission of emotions between family members. The empirical part presents the results of the research, which involved 328 people (69 men and 259 women between 18 and 72 years of age). The study shows that higher emotional involvement in family-of-origin correlates with higher emotional competence in adulthood. In addition, higher level of perceived criticism in childhood correlates with a lower level of emotional competence in adulthood. Furthermore, the study shows correlation between higher level of emotional involvement in family-of-origin and lower level of perceived criticism among its members. The study shows gender-related differences in emotional competence. Women show more emotional competence than men.