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Ormoški Petriček
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Izvleček
Leta 1945 konec druge svetovne vojne na Slovenskem zaznamuje zmaga Narodnoosvobodilnega boja, katerega glavna sila je bila Osvobodilna fronta (OF), označena kot edini politični predstavnik na Slovenskem, ki je nadzirala in usmerjala delovanje oblastnih organov. Najmočnejša in najpomembnejša stranka v okviru OF je bila Komunistična partija Slovenije kot del Komunistične partije Jugoslavije. Tako je Komunistična partija izšla iz vojne kot vodilna politična sila z zakonodajno in izvršno oblastjo ter nadzorom nad sodišči, s katerimi je lahko prevzela novo oblast v državi. Svoj položaj je skušala zavarovati z vsemi sredstvi in tako obračunala s pravimi ali morebitnimi nasprotniki novega režima. S tem je povezano ustanavljanje koncentracijskih taborišč, med njimi tudi osrednjega za pripadnike nemške narodnosti v Strnišču pri Ptuju. Razmere v taborišču so bile neznosne, nad zaporniki pa so se stražarji fizično in psihično izživljali. Mnogi niso preživeli zaradi podhranjenosti, bolezni ali pa so bili likvidirani. Med interniranci so se znašli tudi cele družine, med njimi otroci vseh starosti, ki so bili avgusta 1945 skupaj z nekaj spremljevalkami premeščeni na grad Ormož, kjer so ostali do 22. septembra. Razmere v Ormožu so bile boljše kot v Strnišču, kar je marsikateremu otroku rešilo življenje. Kljub temu pa je na gradu primanjkovalo osnovnih potrebščin in zdrave hrane za podhranjene otroke, vladale so slabe higienske in bivalne razmere, kjer so se lahko bolezni hitro širile. 44 oseb, od tega 42 otrok, je na ormoškem gradu izgubilo življenje. Tisti, ki so preživeli, so občutili posledice te hude izkušnje celo življenje.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:Leto 1945, OZNA, KPS, koncentracijska taborišča, Strnišče pri Ptuju, grad Ormož
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Organizacija:FF - Filozofska fakulteta
Leto izida:2020
Datum objave v RUL:02.10.2020
Število ogledov:377
Število prenosov:95
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Petriček in Ormož
Izvleček:
The end of the Second World War in 1945 was on Slovene territory heavily marked by the win of National liberation struggle, in which most prominent role played the Liberation Front (Osvobodilna fronta, OF). They were marked as the sole political representatives of Slovene nation and they controlled and directed the activity of authorities. Strongest and most powerful among the parties in the Liberation Front was the Communist Party of Slovenia, linked to the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. This is why the Communist Party came out of war as leading political force with legislative and executive power and control over courts, which helped the Party to take power over the country. The Party tried to secure their positions by all means, which meant crushing all real and potential adversaries. A part of this process were the establishments of concentration camps, among which there was one for members of the German nation, located at village of Strnišče near Ptuj. The conditions in the camp were horrible, and prisoners were often physically and mentally abused by their guards. Many did not survive the camp due to malnutrition, various diseases, or liquidation. Whole families were among the internees, with children of all age that were in August 1945 relocated to the Ormož Castle were they stayed until the 22nd September of 1945. Conditions at Ormož Castle were better than at Strnišče and that saved many lives of children. Nevertheless, there was shortage for basic necessities and healthy nutrition for malnourished children, sanitary and living conditions were still poor, so diseases spread around quickly. 44 people, 42 were children, lost their lives at the Ormož Castle and those who survived suffered consequences of this horrible experience all their lives.

Ključne besede:Year 1945, OZNA, KPS, concentration camps, Strnišče near Ptuj, Ormož Castle

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