The end of the Second World War in 1945 was on Slovene territory heavily marked by the win of National liberation struggle, in which most prominent role played the Liberation Front (Osvobodilna fronta, OF). They were marked as the sole political representatives of Slovene nation and they controlled and directed the activity of authorities. Strongest and most powerful among the parties in the Liberation Front was the Communist Party of Slovenia, linked to the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. This is why the Communist Party came out of war as leading political force with legislative and executive power and control over courts, which helped the Party to take power over the country. The Party tried to secure their positions by all means, which meant crushing all real and potential adversaries. A part of this process were the establishments of concentration camps, among which there was one for members of the German nation, located at village of Strnišče near Ptuj. The conditions in the camp were horrible, and prisoners were often physically and mentally abused by their guards. Many did not survive the camp due to malnutrition, various diseases, or liquidation. Whole families were among the internees, with children of all age that were in August 1945 relocated to the Ormož Castle were they stayed until the 22nd September of 1945. Conditions at Ormož Castle were better than at Strnišče and that saved many lives of children. Nevertheless, there was shortage for basic necessities and healthy nutrition for malnourished children, sanitary and living conditions were still poor, so diseases spread around quickly. 44 people, 42 were children, lost their lives at the Ormož Castle and those who survived suffered consequences of this horrible experience all their lives.