Many people in the Republic of Slovenia are unaware of legal acts in the field of human rights and fundamental freedoms and the relevant bodies to which they can turn in the event of a violation of their rights. Therefore, the aim of this thesis is to present the importance of human rights, to examine and present the work of the Ombudsman and the Advocate in the field of discrimination in more detail and to determine why the establishment of the Advocate in comparison to the Ombudsman in the field of discrimination was sensible. We have used the descriptive method, the analytical method, the statistical method and the comparative method to achieve the objectives of the thesis. Based on these methods, we described and analysed the work of the Ombudsman and the Advocate and used the selected literature and sources to present the cases in which discrimination was found by both bodies. In the course of the analysis, we found out that the work of the Ombudsman and the Advocate differ considerably. The main difference is that the Advocate deals not only with violations by the public sector but also with violations by the private sector. We also found that the establishment of the Advocate made sense compared to the Ombudsman, as the Slovenian legal order was incompatible with the legal order of the European Union at that time. The research contribution can serve as a good source of information for the public about the work of the Ombudsman and the Advocate in the field of discrimination. With this contribution, we could seek appropriate help if we feel that we have been discriminated against.