izpis_h1_title_alt

Primerjava slovenskega in angleškega sistema izvrševanja zaporne kazni
Smrekar, Helena (Avtor), Ambrož, Matjaž (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

.pdfPDF - Predstavitvena datoteka, prenos (1,33 MB)

Izvleček
Avtorica v magistrskem delu razčleni in primerja postopka izvrševanja zaporne kazni v slovenskem in angleškem sistemu, tako z vidika zakonske ureditve, kot tudi dejanskega stanja oz. razmer v zaporih. V obeh pravnih sistemih je področje izvrševanja zaporne kazni pretežno v upravni pristojnosti; v Sloveniji je organ izvrševanja kazenskih sankcij Uprava RS za izvrševanje kazenskih sankcij, v Angliji in Walesu pa je to Zaporska služba Njenega veličanstva. V magistrskem delu je predstavljen postopek sprejema obsojenca v zavod, bivalne razmere v zaporih, prehrana, oblačila, odpust obsojencev itd. Najpomembnejši cilj zaporne kazni v obeh sistemih je resocializacija obsojencev, zato se od nastopa kazni z njimi izvajajo obravnave in aktivnosti, obsojenci imajo možnost opravljati delo ter se izobraževati. Težavi, s katerima se soočata oba sistema, sta prezasedenost zavodov ter visoka stopnja povratništva. Obsojenci imajo nekoliko boljše pogoje v slovenskem režimu, saj jim omogoča več pravic in boljše standarde. Ugodneje je urejen sistem obiskov, obsojenci imajo možnost preživljanja več časa na prostem, višje higienske standarde, kakovostnejšo prehrano, zunajzavodske ugodnosti se vštejejo v dolžino prestajanja kazni, bolje pa so zasnovani tudi pogoji glede bivalnih prostorov. Tudi angleški zapori izvajajo nekaj zelo učinkovitih in zanimivih praks, ki jih v Sloveniji ne poznamo, in bi jih bilo smiselno prenesti v naš sistem. To so: večji poudarek na psihološki pomoči novosprejetim obsojencem, večja vloga verskih skupnosti, možnost izbire med več meniji pri obrokih, možnost komuniciranja z zaporniki preko e-pošte, cenejši klici iz zaporov, zagotovitev dela večini obsojencem ter nadzor nad obsojenci po odpustu. Razlika med sistemoma je tudi v načinu podeljevanja pogojnega odpusta, in sicer so v Angliji določeni obsojenci avtomatično pogojno odpuščeni po preteku polovice kazni, pri nas pa o vseh prošnjah za pogojni odpust odloča komisija.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:izvršilno kazensko pravo, zaporna kazen, obsojenci, pravice zapornikov, razmere v zaporih, primerjava sistemov, angleški zaporski sistem
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Organizacija:PF - Pravna fakulteta
Leto izida:2020
COBISS.SI-ID:23218179 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:63
Število prenosov:30
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
:
Objavi na:AddThis
AddThis uporablja piškotke, za katere potrebujemo vaše privoljenje.
Uredi privoljenje...

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Comparison of the Slovenian and English system of enforcement of prison sentence
Izvleček:
In the master's thesis, the author analyses and compares the procedure of enforcement of the prison sentence in the Slovenian and English systems, both in terms of legal regulation, as well as the actual situation and conditions in prisons. In both legal systems, the area is predominantly under administrative jurisdiction; in Slovenia, the authority for the enforcement of criminal sanctions is the Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for the Enforcement of Criminal Sanctions, while in England and Wales it is Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service. The master's thesis presents the procedure of reception to the prison, living conditions in prisons, food, clothing, release from prison etc. In both systems the goal of prison sentence is rehabilitation of prisoners, therefore treatments and activities are carried out for the prisoners from the beginning of the sentence, and they have the opportunity to work or to gain an education. The problems faced by both systems are the overcrowding of prisons and the high rate of persistent offenders. Prisoners have better conditions in the Slovenian system, as it gives them more rights and better standards. The system of visits is better organised, the prisoners have the opportunity to spend more time outdoors, higher hygiene standards, better food quality, out-of-prison benefits are included in the length of the sentence, and the living conditions are better defined. English prisons also carry out some very effective and interesting practices which the Slovenian system is not familiar with and should be considered to be transferred into the system, such as greater emphasis on psychological assistance to newly admitted prisoners, greater role of religious communities, the possibility to choose between several menus at meals, the possibility of communicating with prisoners by e-mail, cheaper calls from prisons, providing work to most prisoners and supervision of prisoners after release. Another difference between the two systems is also in the method of granting release on licence, namely in England certain prisoners are automatically released on parole after half of their sentence, while in Slovenia all applications for parole are examined by a parole board.

Ključne besede:executive law, prison sentence, prisoners, prisoners’ rights, prison conditions, comparison of systems, English prison system

Podobna dela

Podobna dela v RUL:
Podobna dela v drugih slovenskih zbirkah:

Komentarji

Dodaj komentar

Za komentiranje se morate prijaviti.

Komentarji (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
Ni komentarjev!

Nazaj