The present doctoral dissertation explores the connection between attachment, self-esteem, satisfaction with life, and the discomfort women feel when experiencing anger.
These factors are essential in terms of recognizing the potential triggers of anger in female individuals and to its regulation, and thus to their ability of initiative and assertiveness.
The theoretical part of the paper presents the results of studies to date that link anger with types of attachment, self-image, and satisfaction with life, as well as with the initiative and assertiveness in women. It was shown that said factors are closely connected not only with the feeling of anger and with the expression of this feeling but also with one another.
Similar results are also expected in the present research. Minor discomfort when experiencing anger was associated with safe attachment, better self-esteem, and a higher level of satisfaction in life. No connection between types of attachment to mother and feeling discomfort when experiencing anger were to be found.
The qualitative research was based on data sourcing from workshops for women, weekly anger diaries, and individual interviews. By applying the content analysis method, we analyzed the transcripts and defined categories. Participants reported on discomfort when experiencing anger in connection with the inability to control impulses.
The reasons stated were relationships in the primary family, low self-esteem, as well as strong and uncontrollable body sensations with the emergence of unsuccessful regulatory functions that led to issues. Participants also mentioned successful ways of regulation with positive outcomes, which could also be related to taking initiative.
In the discussion part of the paper, we discuss and interpret the results of the research, and in the conclusion, we mention its limitations and suggestions for further research in this field.