Background: One leg standing test is a frequently used clinical tool for assessment of balance in persons with various balance disorders. It is easy, quick and cheap. It assesses postural steadiness in a static position by measuring time, in which an individual can maintain a position on one leg without the support. There are many different ways of performance, but psychometric properties are investigated only for some versions of the test. On the basis of a literature review we established features of the most frequent performances of the test and which procedure of the one leg standing test have confirmed greatest psychometric properties. Methods: Literature review was obtained through PubMed and Google Schoolar database and literary sources. Results: According to the obtained information, we found that the best properties (ICC = 0,832–0,998) have test procedure performed barefoot, on the floor, with eyes open and closed, with arms crossed over the chest, with raised foot near ankle of stance limb, a maximum time of 45 seconds and describe performance of the test, which seems to us the most appropriate to perform. Conclusions: On the basis of literature review we suggest that the test is performed barefoot, on the floor, with foot of stance leg in neutral position, unweighted leg raised near ankle, with hands by the side and maximum time of 45 seconds. The best results from three repetitions are used for analysis. Psychometric properties of this procedure still need to be verified.