Background: 10 meter walk test is frequently used for walking speed assessment in different participant groups; however test methodology differs. The purpose of the literature review was to establish the most common protocols of the 10 meter walk test in elderly and neurological patients, and to establish if their validity and reliability were assessed. Methods: PubMed database was searched for articles using terms related to the review purpose. The search was limited to English language. Results: 23 research papers were analysed. 14 m walking path was used in 14 studies, and 10 m walking path in 7 studies. Test of comfortable pace was performed in 10 studies, and test of comfortable and fast pace in other 10 studies. Validity was reported in 11 studies. Reliability of the most common test protocols is good (ICC = 0.82 – 0.99). Conclusion: It is recommended to perform the test at comfortable and fast walking pace. With each pace a subject walks on 14 m walking path in three repetitions, and time is measured over central 10 m. The results are speeds (m/s) calculated from the measurements’ average.