Background: Low back pain is one of the most commonly cured conditions of the musculoskeletal system in the developed world and is one of the main causes of disability. Chronic nonspecific pain is most commonly treated with physical activity. However, there are numerous other approaches to treating this condition, one of them being neural mobilization. The purpose of the study was to systematically review articles that studied the effectiveness of neural mobilization on chronic nonspecific low back pain. Methods: An electronic databases search (PEDro, PubMed and CINAHL) was conducted. Results: Ten articles were included in the analysis. All of them looked into the effects of various techniques of neural mobilization on the pain, seven dealt with various stages of disability, while the other three focused on the mobility of lower limbs. Results confirmed that neural mobilization greatly reduced pain and disability, while increasing the flexibility. Conclusion: Neural mobilizations is an effective method for decreasing low back pain, but its effects can be improved by combining it with lumbar spine mobilization and intersegmental stabilisation exercises. However, further investigations with suitable parameters of neural mobilization are necessary.