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Clinical and histologic tissue responses of skin incisions closed with glycomer 631 and lactomer 9-1 using a subcuticular technique in pigs
ID Plavec, Tanja (Avtor), ID Švara, Tanja (Avtor), ID Zdovc, Irena (Avtor), ID Gombač, Mitja (Avtor), ID Damjanovska, Marija (Avtor), ID Stopar Pintarič, Tatjana (Avtor), ID Cvetko, Erika (Avtor), ID Seliškar, Alenka (Avtor)

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Izvleček
Background: Glycomer 631 and lactomer 9–1 are absorbable suture materials indicated for soft tissue approximation in non-infected wounds. Pigs are often used as surgical models in translational research; however, reports of tissue reactions to both suture materials in pigs are limited. The aim of this study was to assess clinical and histologic responses of skin incisions closed with a subcuticular technique using glycomer 631 and lactomer 9–1 in pigs. Results: Skin incisions on 17 pigs were closed with glycomer 631 and lactomer 9–1, and a clinical reactive score (CRS) including erythema, swelling, discharge and dehiscence was calculated on postoperative days 7 and 14. Subcuticular tissue reaction was assessed histologically on postoperative day 14 (the presence of extravascular neutrophils, macrophages, multinucleated giant cells, lymphocytes, fibroblasts, bacterial colonies and the overall severity of the inflammatory response to the suture material), and the cumulative score of the variables was calculated as an aggregate tissue irritation score (ATIS). Tissue samples were examined for suture extrusion and evaluated microbiologically. The clinical reactive score did not differ between the suture materials. Only one ATIS variable, namely the overall severity of the inflammatory response, was lower (p = 0.029) when glycomer 631 was used. Suture extrusion was found in 10/17 of the incisions closed by glycomer 631 and in 7/13 of the incisions closed by lactomer 9–1. Trueperella pyogenes was isolated from the skin and from the area of tissue reaction in six pigs. Conclusions: No difference in CRS between the suture materials was observed, and thus both materials may be used for the subcuticular technique in pigs. Glycomer 631 induced less tissue reaction only in terms of the overall severity of the inflammatory response. Suture extrusion was observed in more than 50% of incisions regardless of the suture material, possibly due to a large amount of suture material in the wound. Trueperella pyogenes was the only pathogen isolated from the tissue surrounding the suture material.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:dermatologic surgical procedures - veterinary, skin - anatomy and histology, suture techniques, wound healing, swine, absorbable suture material, glycomer 631, lactomer 9–1, tissue reaction, Trueperella pyogenes, pig
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji (dk_c)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:VF - Veterinarska fakulteta
MF - Medicinska fakulteta
Leto izida:2020
Status objave pri reviji:Objavljeno
Verzija članka:Založnikova različica članka
Št. strani:9 str.
Številčenje:Vol. 16, art. 87
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-114435 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:636.4.09:616.5-089
ISSN pri članku:1746-6148
DOI:10.1186/s12917-020-02290-x Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:4936826 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:28.02.2020
Število ogledov:693
Število prenosov:303
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:BMC veterinary research
Založnik:Springer Nature
ISSN:1746-6148
COBISS.SI-ID:515674393 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:24.02.2020

Projekti

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P3-0043
Naslov:Molekularni mehanizmi razvoja in delovanja skeletne mišice

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P4-0053
Naslov:Endokrini, imunski in encimski odzivi pri zdravih in bolnih živalih

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Številka projekta:P5-0381
Naslov:Kineziologija za kakovost življenja

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