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Evaluation of the operational environment factors of nature conservation policy implementation : cases of selected EU and Non-EU countries
Pezdevšek Malovrh, Špela (Avtor), Paletto, Alessandro (Avtor), Posavec, Stjepan (Avtor), Dobsinska, Zuzana (Avtor), Đorđević, Ilija (Avtor), Marić, Bruno (Avtor), Avdibegović, Mersudin (Avtor), Kitchoukov, Emil (Avtor), Stijović, Aleksandar (Avtor), Trajkov, Pande (Avtor), Laktić, Tomislav (Avtor)

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Izvleček
The complex policy decision-making situation around nature conservation requires examination of the operational environment. This study develops and tests a three-phase analytical framework for the evaluation of operational environment factors influencing nature conservation policy implementation. The four important operational environment factors (legal, policy, economic, and social) have been identified, to build up a framework. The framework was tested in selected countries and includes experts% opinions. Experts (n = 44) from five EU countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Slovakia, and Slovenia) and four non-EU countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia) defined and evaluated the factors and sub-factors that affect the operational environment related to nature conservation policy implementation. The results show policy changes arising from the new governance requirements introduced by changed political regime and Europeanization are key driving factors for changes in the nature conservation operational environment. For nature conservation, these wide-reaching changes have led to new political and legal frameworks, new institutional set-ups and multilevel governance frameworks, new establishment of protected areas and Natura 2000 network, and the re-allocation of financial resources and inclusion of non-state actors in policy decision-making. However, there are also some challenges and unsolved problems that need further attention from policy decision-makers and institutions, especially related to the institutional gap, sustainable financing of nature conservation, transposition of the EU Directives into legal systems, designation of sites or improving their implementation, implementation of innovative funding schemes, and a transparent participatory process. This analytical framework can be applied to various problems related to any environmental issues or other policy implementation or management, and other sectors where public decision-making is combined with stakeholders% engagement.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:biodiversity conservation, nature conservation policy, operational environment, policy, economic and social factors, evaluation framework, protected areas, Natura 2000 network
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji (dk_c)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Leto izida:2019
Št. strani:26 str.
Številčenje:article 1099, iss. 12
UDK:630*9
ISSN pri članku:1999-4907
DOI:10.3390/f10121099 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:5572006 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:265
Število prenosov:199
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Forests
Skrajšan naslov:Forests
Založnik:MDPI
ISSN:1999-4907
COBISS.SI-ID:3872166 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:zaščita biotske pestrosti, zakonodaja, Natura 2000, zaščitena območja, Evropa

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