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Vpliv živali na kakovost življenja starih ljudi v institucionalni oskrbi
Likar, Maja (Avtor), Dragoš, Srečo (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
Živali so nepogrešljiv del človekovega življenja. Mnogo ljudi jih ima kot hišne ljubljenčke, ki v družini večinoma zavzamejo vlogo enakopravnega družinskega člana. Stari ljudje se morajo ob selitvi v dom za stare ljudi soočiti s številnimi spremembami. Ena od teh je lahko prav ločitev od hišnega ljubljenčka, s katerim so stkali posebno vez. Spet drugi morajo zapustiti kmetijo in živali, s katerimi so bili v vsakodnevnem stiku. Vsebina naloge govori o tem, kako obiski živali in aktivnosti povezane z njimi v domovih za stare ljudi vplivajo na kakovost življenja stanovalk in stanovalcev. Dejstvo je, da človeka v življenju vodijo njegove potrebe - kako le-te kvalitetno zadovoljiti, pa je izziv za strokovne delavke in delavce. Kakovost življenja človeka je odvisna od tega, kako jo definira vsak posameznik. Staremu človeku poleg zdravja in finančne prekrbljenosti pa v tretjem in četrtem življenjskem obdobju največ pomeni prav družabnost. Osamljenost starih ljudi je vse bolj prisotna družbena problematika, saj neposredno vpliva na psihofizično stanje človeka. V raziskavi so bile intervjuvane 4 strokovne delavke, vodnica terapevtskega psa in 3 stanovalke doma za stare ljudi. Z dvema je bil izveden skupinski intervju. Vzorec je nenaključen, z intervjuvankama sem stopila v kontakt v času prakse. Uporabljena je bila tehnika polstandardiziranega intervjuja, le-te pa sem potem prepisala in kvalitativno obdelala s pomočjo kodiranja. Pridobljeni rezultati so si zelo podobni. Vse strokovne delavke opažajo, da imajo aktivnosti s pomočjo živali pozitivne učinke na stare ljudi. Največ je socialnih, sledijo pa jim psihološki in fizični učinki, ki so bili zajeti tudi v vseh opisih posebnih dogodkov, ki so se intervjuvanim še posebej vtisnili v spomin. V dveh ustanovah je stanovalkam in stanovalcem dovoljeno imeti hišne ljubljenčke, v drugih pa so dovoljeni le obiski. Aktivnosti s pomočjo živali prekinejo vsakodnevno rutino in prinesejo v dom nekaj novega. Preko aktivnosti se olajša integracija v dom in mobilizira moč starih ljudi, poveča se socialna interakcija, zmanjšuje se osamljenost. Žival ima na človeka pomirjujoč učinek, ki pripomore, da se človek lažje odpre in zaupa. Aktivnosti omogočijo varen prostor, kjer ima vsak čas, da ubesedi svoje razmišljanje, ki je slišano. Vaje, ki temeljijo na krepitvi fizične moči, staremu človeku omogočajo samostojnejše opravljanje vsakodnevnih opravil in tako izboljšujejo njegovo počutje in samopodobo. Potrebna bi bila večja prepoznavnost dela s pomočjo živali tako v domovih za stare ljudi kot tudi med študenti socialnega dela. Intervjuvane strokovne delavke so izrazile željo po dodatnih seminarjih oziroma izobraževanjih o tem načinu dela. Nadaljnje raziskave bi bilo smiselno izvesti z metodo opazovanja in na podlagi študij primera.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:stari ljudje, učinki živali, kakovost življenja, potrebe starih ljudi, institucionalna oskrba
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Organizacija:FSD - Fakulteta za socialno delo
Leto izida:2020
Število ogledov:18
Število prenosov:5
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Effect of Animal on the Quality of Life of Old People in the Institutional Care
Izvleček:
Life is all about changes. When people cannot take care of themselves anymore, either because of age or health issues, the only option for them is moving to an old’s people home. This represents a very significant personal change in one’s life. An individual has to leave behind their home - a place where they feel safe. They have been engaged in local community and have created their own social network. Animals are a big part of human life and an important piece of their social network as well. Many people have them as a pet who is in many households an equal family member. The majority of residential homes for the old still do not allow their residents to have their own pets, therefore, a person who moves there has to leave their pets behind. My Master thesis discusses how animals assisted interventions in the retirement homes and their effect on the quality of life of their residents. Each individual has to satisfy their needs, thus institutional care is sometimes a challenge for professionals, because they should offer a quality care for each resident. People’s quality of life depends on how each individual defines it. There are not only health and financial care in the third and fourth life span that are of a great importance, but people’s social life is a significant part as well. The loneliness of old people is a growing social problem, since it directly affects the psychophysical state of an individual. The study consists of interviews of four practitioners; a therapy dog guide and three home residents. The group interview was conducted with the two of them. The sample is random, I made contact with the interviewees during my practice. I used the technique of semi-standardized interviewing which was then transcribed and qualitatively processed by using coding. The results are very similar. All practitioners note the positive effects of animal-assisted activities on the old people. The majority of them are social effects, followed by psychological and physical effects which are covered in all descriptions of special events described by interviewees. Two institutions allow residents to have pets, while in others only visits are permitted. Animal-assisted activities break the daily routine and bring something new to their institution. Through activities, integration into homes is easier and the strength of the old people is mobilized, social interaction is increased and loneliness is reduced. The animal has a calming effect on people, which makes it easier to open and trust. Activities provide a safe space where everyone has the time to interpret their thoughts. Exercises based on the enhancing of physical strength of the old people enable them to perform their daily tasks more independently, thus improving their well-being and self-image. Greater visibility of animal-assisted work is needed, both in residential homes and social work faculties. The interviewed experts expressed their desire for additional seminars or training for such type of work. Further research should be carried out by using observation method and case studies.

Ključne besede:old people, effects of animals, quality of life, needs of old people, institutional care

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