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KOMBINIRANA VADBA POSKOKOV IN VADBA NA KOORDINACIJSKI LESTVI : diplomsko delo
Knafelc, Marko (Avtor), Štirn, Igor (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
V zadnjih letih je pliometrični trening vse bolj pogosta oblika treninga v kondicijski pripravi, saj dokazano vpliva na razvoj eksplozivne in hitre moči. Smernice za načrtovanje in izvajanje pliometričnega treninga še niso jasno definirane, kljub temu da se ta oblika treninga preučuje zadnjih trideset let. Ta vrsta treninga se uporablja tudi pri rehabilitaciji poškodovanih športnikov in v namen pridobivanja kostne gostote. Pojavlja se tudi v športnih igrah, kot so nogomet, košarka in odbojka, saj igralne okoliščine zahtevajo vertikalne skoke, udarce ter hitra in eksplozivna gibanja. V diplomski nalogi nas je zanimalo, kako hkratna vadba poskokov in vadba koordinacije vpliva na parametre skokov znotraj ene vadbene enote. Da smo preverili vpliv koordinacijske vadbe na parametre skokov, smo na Fakulteti za šport izvedli raziskavo. V njej je sodelovalo 15 prostovoljcev, ki se ukvarjajo z akrobatiko. Povprečna starost testirancev je bila 23,4 leta. Meritve so potekale v dveh terminih, vmes je bil dvodnevni premor. Testiranci v tem času niso bili drugače športno aktivni. Naključno izbrana polovica testirancev (n=7) je v prvem terminu izvajala zaporedne vertikalne poskoke s pasivnim odmorom, druga polovica (n=8) pa zaporedne vertikalne poskoke z aktivnim odmorom, ki je vključeval koordinacijsko nalogo na koordinacijski lestvi (zaporedje ven-not). V drugem terminu so bile naloge zamenjane. Pridobljene podatke meritev smo analizirali s pomočjo programov Microsoft Office Excel 2007 in 2010 in IBM SPSS Statistics 22. Izračunali smo povprečja višin skokov vseh merjencev v prvi, drugi, tretji, četrti in peti seriji, ločeno za aktivni in pasivni odmor. S pomočjo analize variance za ponovljene meritve smo kasneje izračunali ali obstajajo razlike v višinah skokov med aktivnim in pasivnim odmorom ter med posameznimi serijami. Ko smo primerjali različna povprečja skokov v serijah nismo ugotovili nobenih statistično značilnih razlik. Prav tako se statistično značilne razlike niso pojavljale med tistimi, ki so izvajali pasivni odmor in tistimi, ki so izvajali aktivni odmor (p=0,998). Razlike so bile vseeno opazne pri povprečni višini skokov, ki so bili zmeraj nižji pri tistih, ki so izvajali aktivni odmor. Na podlagi dobljenih rezultatov lahko torej zaključimo, da kombiniranje koordinacijskega in pliometričnega treninga ne poslabša kakovosti samega pliometričnega treninga. Ta kombinacija treninga je torej lahko učinkovit način priprave športnikov.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:pliometrični trening, kondicijska priprava, koordinacija, odmor
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Tipologija:2.11 - Diplomsko delo
Organizacija:FŠ - Fakulteta za šport
Leto izida:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:5601713 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:51
Število prenosov:18
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:PLYOMETRIC TRAINING COMBINED WITH LADDER COORDINATION EXERCISES
Izvleček:
Plyometric training is becoming one of the most common methods of sports conditioning, as it improves explosiveness and power. The guidelines for training and planning a plyometric training are not conclusive, even though scientists have been studying this type of training for the last 30 years,. This type of training is often used as a method of rehabilitation in injured athletes and for improving bone density. The training has also taken effect in various sports, such as football, basketball and volleyball, where vertical jumps, explosive movements and kicks are a must. The aim of this study was to determine, whether a concurrent training of plyometrics and coordination affects jump height. To test this we conducted a study on Faculty of sport. The study included 15 volunteers, which all had a history of training acrobatics or gymnastics. Their average age was 23,4. We tested them on two separate days, between which was a two day break. We asked the volunteers not to be physically active during those two days. The volunteers were randomly divided into two groups. The first group (n=7) performed vertical jumps and had active rest during the plyometric training (coordination ladder task – in and out drill) and the other group (n=8) performed vertical jumps and had passive rest between sets of jumps. After two days the type of rest was switched between groups: the first group performed passive rest and the second one active rest. We analysed the data with Microsoft Office Excel 2007 and IBM SPSS Statistics 22. We calculated mean height of all jumps and compared them considering the type of rest and compared mean jump height between different sets of jumps. When we compared average heights, we found no statistically significant differences between those who performed active and those who performed passive rest (p=0,998). We still found some differences in mean height of jumps between those with active and passive rest. The height of jumps which were interrupted by an active rest were always lower. We can conclude that we can merge plyometric training with coordination drills, since it does not affect jump height. After analysing the results, we summarised that it is possible to undertake a coordination drill when resting during a plyometric training.

Ključne besede:plyometric training, conditioning, coordination, rest

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