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Učinki vadbe za ravnotežje pri kronični nestabilnosti gležnja : diplomsko delo
Ciber, Nataša (Avtor), Vauhnik, Renata (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
Uvod: Kronična nestabilnost gležnja je sindrom, katerega značilni simptomi so občutek nestabilnosti, ponavljajoči se zvini gležnja in funkcijski primanjkljaj. Celovit fizioterapevtski program je usmerjen v izboljšanje propriocepcije, živčno-mišičnega nadzora in ravnotežja, kar bistveno zmanjša tveganje za ponavljajoče se zvine. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je na osnovi pregleda literature analizirati učinke vadbe za ravnotežje pri posameznikih s kronično nestabilnostjo gležnja. Metode dela: Iskanje literature je potekalo v podatkovni zbirki PubMed. Vključitveni kriteriji za izbrane članke so bili: randomizirana kontrolirana raziskava ter časovni okvir iskanja, in sicer objava med letoma 2009 in 2019. Literatura je bila iskana v angleškem jeziku s ključnimi besedami chronic ankle instability, functional ankle instability, balance training, balance therapy in balance treatment. Rezultati: Med iskanjem literature je bilo pregledanih 41 strokovnih člankov. V pregled literature je bilo vključenih osem raziskav, objavljenih med letoma 2009 in 2019. Rezultati raziskav kažejo, da je vadba za ravnotežje pri obravnavi kronično nestabilnega gležnja učinkovita in bistveno zmanjša tveganje za ponoven zvin gležnja, ni pa jasno, specifično katera izmed njih ima največji učinek. Razprava in zaključek: S pregledom literature smo ugotovili, da je v fizioterapevtski program pri obravnavi kronično nestabilnega gležnja smiselno vključiti vadbo za ravnotežje. V prihodnje bi bilo smiselno preučiti, kakšni so učinki posamezne komponente vadbenega programa. Potrebno bi bilo tudi raziskati, kdaj pride do pomembnih izboljšanj, da bi ugotovili, kakšna je najprimernejša dolžina vadbenega programa in kako dolgo se po končanem vadbenem programu ohranijo učinki vadbe.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:kronična nestabilnost gležnja, vadba za ravnotežje, uravnavanje drže, učinki vadbe, senzomotoričen primanjkljaj
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Organizacija:ZF - Zdravstvena fakulteta
Leto izida:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:5689963 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:607
Število prenosov:266
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:The effects of balance training on chronic ankle instability : diploma work
Izvleček:
Introduction: Chronic ankle instability is a condition characterized by feelings of instability, recurrent ankle sprains and functional deficit. The comprehensive physiotherapeutic program that emphasize proprioceptive, neuromuscular control, and balance training significantly reduce the risk of recurrent ankle sprains. Purpose: The purpose of this undergraduate thesis is to analyze the effects of balance training in individuals with chronic ankle instability, based on a review of the scientific literature. Methods: The literature search was carried out in the PubMed database. The inclusion criteria for the selected articles were: randomized controlled trial and search frame between 2009 and 2019. The literature was searched in English with the following keywords: chronic ankle instability, functional ankle instability, balance training, balance therapy and balance treatment. Results: Forty-one articles were reviewed. Eight studies conducted between 2009 in 2019 were included in the final review and thoroughly analyzed. The results show that balance training is effective in treating the chronic ankle instability and significantly reduces a recurrence of the ankle sprain, but it is unclear which type has the greatest effect. Discussion and conclusion: Literature review has shown that including a balance training in the physiotherapy program is beneficial, when dealing with a chronic ankle instability. To further research it is important to understand the benefits of each component of the training program. Further research is also needed to investigate when significant improvements have occurred in order to determine what is the most appropriate length of the training program and how long after the training program has been completed, the observed effects of the exercise are maintained.

Ključne besede:chronic ankle instability, balance training, postural control, training effects, sensorimotor impairment

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