Introduction: Most people will experience some type of low back pain during their lifetime. It has been suggested, that fascia might be the cause of pain. Fascia is connective tissue that surrounds and connects all muscles, bones, organs and nerve fibers, and runs continuously throughout the body. It is highly innervated and contains abundant free nerve endings. There are various physiotherapeutic approaches for fascial treatments. They are focused on removing changes in fascia that are causing pain and reducing mobility. Several guidelines on low back pain treatment exist, but a lot of them are not supported by evidence. Moreover, no guidelines can be found with the recommendations of a therapeutic approach focused on fascial tissue. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to determine the effect of fascial mobilization and manipulation with subjects that have low back pain, based on the research of given literature. Methods: Literature was researched using databases PubMed, CINAHL and PEDro. In the analysis, researches in English language, conducted after year 2010 were studied. Keywords used were fascial manipulation AND low back pain, fascial mobilization AND low back pain, myofascial release AND low back pain, fascia AND low back pain. Nine researches were included in the analysis. Results: In all studies, the use of fascial mobilization and manipulation techniques found a reduction in pain and functional disability, as well as a reduction in the avoidance of pain activity, an improvement in quality of life, and an increase in the range of lumbar spine mobility in subjects with low back pain. When techniques are added to standard therapy, they significantly improve its outcome. Positive effects can also be seen for some time after the end of therapies. Discussion and conclusion: The results of the examined researches have shown that described fascial techniques effectively decrease pain and functional disability. The highest efficiency is achieved by combining them, with other physiotherapeutic approaches. Further researches with larger number of subjects are required to confirm the obtained results.